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M1895 Mannlicher Rifle

8-mm M1895 Mannlicher Rifle


8-mm M1895 Mannlicher Rifle

This weapon, the most widely used of all the Mannlicher rifles, was the standard Austro-Hungarian rifle of World War I, and huge quantities were surrendered to Italy under provisions of the Peace Treaty. Many small European nations acquired significant numbers of this weapon through purchases from Italy. It was widely used in the Balkan countries in World War II. The Hungarian 8-mm M 35M rifle is a copy of this weapon, but it fires different ammunition. Other weapons similar are the 8-mm Model 1890 rifle (the earlier model) and the 8-mm Model 1895 carbine. Since STEYR of Austria was the chief manufacturer of this rifle, it is often referred to as a “STEYR-MANNLICHER”.

The model 1895 rifle employs the straight-pull bolt-action. It is drawn straight back to unload, pushed straight forward to load. The Mannlicher system of clip feeding is used. The five-round loaded clip is inserted in the top and falls out the bottom of the weapon when empty.

Salient recognition features of this rifle are: (1) The straight-pull bolt; (2) the thumb safety at rear of bolt; (3) the finger grooves in the sides of the stock; (4) the lack of a windage adjustment on the rear sight; (5) the horizontal, rather than turned-down, bolt handle; and (6) the magazine well and trigger guard are of one-piece construction.


Mannlicher Rifle: Austro-Hungarian Rifle of WW1 and WW2


System of operation   Manually operated, bolt action
Caliber   8-mm (cal. .315)
Weight (including sling, bayonet):        
     Unloaded   4.0 kg (8.9 lb)
     Loaded   4.1 kg (9.0 lb)
Length over-all:        
     With bayonet    152 cm (59.5 in)
     W/o bayonet    127 cm (50.0 in)
Length of barrel   76 cm (30.2 in)
Feeding device   5-round clip, integral box
     Front   Blade, barley corn type
     Rear   Upright leaf, V-notch, graduated 600-2,600 m. battle sight set at 500 m
Muzzle velocity   620 m/s (2034 fps)
Effective rate of fire   8-10 rpm
Effective range   400 m (440 yards)
Ammunition   8-mm M1893 rimmed ball, round


MP34 Submachine Gun (Steyr-Solothurn)

The following report on the MP 34 submachine gun was published in Foreign Military Weapons and Equipment, Vol. III, Infantry Weapons, Pamphlet No. 30-7-4, Department of the Army, 1954.

9-mm Submachine Gun MP 34 (Steyr-Solothurn)

MP34 Submachine Gun Austria Steyr

This weapon was manufactured by both Austria and Germany during World War II. In the German Army it was used largely for rear-area troops. Prior to 1940, large numbers of this submachine gun were sold to Japan. It was replaced by the later and more advanced designs of submachine guns developed by the Germans. Models of this weapon stamped “MP 34 (o)” indicate that the weapon was issued for Austrian use and fired the long 9-mm Steyr cartridge. Models used by the Germans fire the 9-mm parabellum cartridge and were made with an attachment for mounting a bayonet on the right side of the barrel jacket.

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9-mm Pistol M12 Steyr

The following report on the Austrian 9-mm M12 Steyr Pistol was published in Foreign Military Weapons and Equipment, Vol. III, Infantry Weapons, Pamphlet No. 30-7-4, Department of the Army, 1954.

9-mm Pistol M12 Steyr

Austrian 9mm M1912 Steyr Pistol

This Austrian pistol, of pre-World War II design, has been widely used in Austria and the Balkan countries. Although resembling to some extent the U.S. Colt caliber .45 pistol in exterior appearance, the M12 has loading and locking arrangements of unique design. The muzzle velocity and range of the cartridge used are considerably higher than normally found in other pistols of this caliber.

Continue reading 9-mm Pistol M12 Steyr