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M1895 Mannlicher Rifle

8-mm M1895 Mannlicher Rifle


8-mm M1895 Mannlicher Rifle

This weapon, the most widely used of all the Mannlicher rifles, was the standard Austro-Hungarian rifle of World War I, and huge quantities were surrendered to Italy under provisions of the Peace Treaty. Many small European nations acquired significant numbers of this weapon through purchases from Italy. It was widely used in the Balkan countries in World War II. The Hungarian 8-mm M 35M rifle is a copy of this weapon, but it fires different ammunition. Other weapons similar are the 8-mm Model 1890 rifle (the earlier model) and the 8-mm Model 1895 carbine. Since STEYR of Austria was the chief manufacturer of this rifle, it is often referred to as a “STEYR-MANNLICHER”.

The model 1895 rifle employs the straight-pull bolt-action. It is drawn straight back to unload, pushed straight forward to load. The Mannlicher system of clip feeding is used. The five-round loaded clip is inserted in the top and falls out the bottom of the weapon when empty.

Salient recognition features of this rifle are: (1) The straight-pull bolt; (2) the thumb safety at rear of bolt; (3) the finger grooves in the sides of the stock; (4) the lack of a windage adjustment on the rear sight; (5) the horizontal, rather than turned-down, bolt handle; and (6) the magazine well and trigger guard are of one-piece construction.


Mannlicher Rifle: Austro-Hungarian Rifle of WW1 and WW2


System of operation   Manually operated, bolt action
Caliber   8-mm (cal. .315)
Weight (including sling, bayonet):        
     Unloaded   4.0 kg (8.9 lb)
     Loaded   4.1 kg (9.0 lb)
Length over-all:        
     With bayonet    152 cm (59.5 in)
     W/o bayonet    127 cm (50.0 in)
Length of barrel   76 cm (30.2 in)
Feeding device   5-round clip, integral box
     Front   Blade, barley corn type
     Rear   Upright leaf, V-notch, graduated 600-2,600 m. battle sight set at 500 m
Muzzle velocity   620 m/s (2034 fps)
Effective rate of fire   8-10 rpm
Effective range   400 m (440 yards)
Ammunition   8-mm M1893 rimmed ball, round


Gewehr 43

The following report on the German Gewehr 43 semi-automatic rifle was published in Foreign Military Weapons and Equipment, Vol. III, Infantry Weapons, Pamphlet No. 30-7-4, Department of the Army, 1954.

7.92-mm Model 43 Semi-Automatic Rifle

Karabiner 43 - Kar 43

This rifle is a semi-automatic, gas-operated, air-cooled, magazine-fed, shoulder weapon. The original designation was the Gewehr 43, but this nomenclature was later changed to Karabiner 43.

It is a simplified and improved development of the 41M and 41W, earlier World War II German models. The major changes are that the M43: (1) Uses principally forgings and stampings rather than machined parts; (2) is lighter and better balanced; (3) employs a better system of gas operation, a gas vent and gas piston being used rather than a gas trap assembly and long piston rod; and (4) does not have a bayonet stud for use of a bayonet.

Continue reading Gewehr 43