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“Ship” Must Not Mean “Plane”

Army Clarifies “Ship” vs. “Plane” — Naval Aviation News, June 15, 1944.

Army Clarifies Word Usage
“Ship” Must Not Mean “Plane”

The Army has issued an official memorandum to halt confusion which arises over use of the word “ship” to refer either to a vessel or an aircraft.

Under the signature of General George C. Marshall, the memorandum directed that all Army personnel “will discontinue use of the word ‘ship’ to designate aircraft.” The memo stated that use of the word to describe a plane has led to serious confusion between personnel of the Army and personnel in various units of the Navy, Marine Corps and Coast Guard.

BuAER COMMENT–Navy and Marine personnel who still persist in calling an airplane a “ship,” should take cognizance.


Study Stations

Study Stations

U.S. Navy, All Hands Magazine, August 1944.


GI Conception of the B-29

“A GI Conception of the B-29” from Air Force, April 1944.

GI Conception of the B-29

Keep Your Military Service Records

Keep Your Military Service Records after Discharge

All Hands, April 1946.


Mutiny among the Pollywogs

Mutiny among the Pollywogs

( Naval Aviation News, August 1944. )


New Airplane Insignia

Introduction of new aircraft insignia by the U.S. Navy and Army in WWII from Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin, NAVPERS, August 1943:

New Aircraft InsigniaThis is the new airplane insignia adopted by the U.S. Navy and Army after much experimenting. The old insignia, consisting of a white star in a circular field of blue, and also the red dot of Japan and the black cross of Germany, were found to resolve into invisibility at the same distance from the eye. As they came closer, all appeared in the form of a dot. The new marking consists of the white star in the field of blue, with the addition of a white rectangle attached horizontally at the right and left of the circle, plus a red border enclosing the entire device. At a greater distance the new marking will maintain the shape of a long, narrow bar, making confusion with the enemy less likely. Navy and Army planes over the world will switch immediately.


The New AR 850-15

Summary of vehicle painting and maintenance instructions from AR 850-15 from Army Motors, Vol. 6, No. 6, September 1945.

New AR 850-15 Painting Regulations

THE NEW AR 850-15

The law on “Miscellaneous—Motor Vehicles” gets a major overhaul for the first time in two years. This’ll help you get hep to what’s what.

Changes that affect you—because they affect vehicle operation and maintenance—blew in with the newly-revised AR 850-15 (1 Aug. 45). New do’s and don’t’s, new words like “semigloss” and “full gloss” have been written into the regulations. And a lot more, too.


Good news for maintenance men who’ve long been bitching about lusterless OD breaks out in par. 7, which prescribes approved semigloss olive drab for vehicles (certain ones excepted). The new paint is Enamel, olive drab, rust-inhibiting, U.S. Army spec. 3-181, amendment 3, type V—Fed. Stock No. 52-E-7574 for a 1-gal. can, 52-E-7574-75 for a 5-gal. can. But don’t start requisitioning it now—the stuff won’t get into supply channels for 60 to 90 days, and anyway, you only put it on when the vehicle’s due for a repaint. ASF Circular 291 (1 Aug. 45) says: “The new painting procedure… will be applicable to U.S. Army motor vehicles now in use, other than those excepted… when the vehicles require complete refinishing in accordance with established maintenance schedules and upon the availability of the semigloss paint prescribed.”

On busses, ambulances (except 3/4-ton 4×4’s), and passenger sedans, the AR goes whole hog on gloss. It says they may be painted a full gloss OD—but not until a repaint is necessary.

Continue reading The New AR 850-15

Organization of the Army

Two illustrations showing the organization of the U.S. Army from The Ordnance Soldier’s Guide, 3rd Edition, Ordnance Replacement Training Center, Aberdeen Proving Ground:

Organization of the U.S. Army

Continue reading Organization of the Army

Military in Scale

The January 2011 issue of Military in Scale is now available.

Continue reading Military in Scale

The Haunted Tank

DC Comics has released two showcase volumes of the The Haunted Tank comic books.

The Haunted Tank Comic Book Showcase - Volume 1

Showcase Presents: The Haunted Tank Volume 1

Showcase Presents: The Haunted Tank Volume 1
Written by Robert Kanigher; Art by Joe Kubert, Russ Heath, Irv Novick, Jerry Grandenetti, Jack Abel.
The Haunted Tank gets the showcase treatment in this volume collecting stories from G.I. COMBAT #87-119, BRAVE AND THE BOLD #52 and OUR ARMY AT WAR #155. Includes the Haunted Tank teaming up with Sgt. Rock and Lt. Johnny Cloud. (560 pages, B&W, Softcover, $16.99 MSRP, ISBN 1401207898)
The Haunted Tank Comic Book Showcase - Volume 2

Showcase Presents: The Haunted Tank Volume 2

Showcase Presents: The Haunted Tank Volume 2
Written by Robert Kanigher and Joe Kubert; Art by Joe Kubert, Russ Heath, Irv Novick, Mike Sekowsky; Cover Are by Joe Kubert.
500 pages of classic war stories, from the pages of G.I. COMBAT #120-157 from 1966-1973. (560 pages, B&W, Softcover, $16.99 MSRP, ISBN 9781401217938)