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M19 Twin 40-mm Gun Motor Carriage

Diagram of the M19 Twin 40-mm Gun Motor Carriage, from Technical Manual TM 9-1729A, U.S. War Department, 1944.

M19 Twin 40-mm Gun Motor Carriage


Dragon Sd.Kfz. 251/17 Flak Halftrack

Dragon Models is releasing a new 1/35th-scale kit in their ’39-’45 Series depicting the Sd.Kfz. 251/17 Ausf. C armed with the 2cm Flak 38 — No. 6592: Sd.Kfz. 251/17 Ausf. C (2 in 1)



Verlinden 88mm Flak/Pak Crew

Verlinden Productions has announced on their Facebook page a new WWII German kit for July:
Item #2769: 88mm Flak/Pak Crew-Ammo-Gear 1:35 Scale. Price is $34.95 online. 88mm gun not included.

#2769: 88mm Flak/Pak Crew-Ammo-Gear 1:35 Scale

#2769: 88mm Flak/Pak Crew-Ammo-Gear 1:35 Scale


40mm Twin Mount and Crew

40mm twin mount and operating crew, from: Naval Ordnance and Gunnery, NAVPERS 16116, Bureau of Naval Personnel, Training Division, May 1944.

40mm twin mount and operating crew.

40mm twin mount and operating crew.


3.7cm FlaK 43 auf Fahrgestell, Pz.Kpfw.III Ausf.M

New 1/35th-scale model kit announcement from Cyber-Hobby: 3.7cm FlaK 43 auf Fahrgestell, Pz.Kpfw. III Ausf. M (Versuchsaufbau).

1/35 3.7cm FlaK 43 auf Fahrgestell, Pz.Kpfw.III Ausf.M (Versuchsaufbau)

Flak Suits and Flak Helmets

Reminders about the flak suit and flak helmet, from Bombardiers’ Information File, U.S. War Department, March 1945:


Flak suits consist of armored vest and apron assemblies. They are not personal issue, but they should be delivered to the plane before the flight and picked up afterward for inspection. You couldn’t carry one anyway, with everything else you’re lugging. Report to the pilot if you don’t find a flak suit in the plane for you.

Wear the suit when you approach the target area. It’s heavy but it’s guaranteed that you won’t notice the weight when the fight begins to get hot.

Note: Ask your Personal Equipment Officer to have a tab sewed on your flak suit for your oxygen mask hose clip.


The flak helmet is personal issue. If you have worn both your flak suit and flak helmet on the mission, you have a good chance of returning the helmet to the supply room personally after the flight.


Sd.Kfz.3a Maultier Half Track mit 3.7cm FlaK 37

November 2012 release from Cyber Hobby: 1/35th Sd.Kfz.3a Maultier Half Track mit 3.7cm FlaK 37.

Sdkfz 3a Maultier Halftrack mit 37mm FlaK 37 Model Kit

Dragon Flakpanzer IV Ausf. G “Wirbelwind”

New WWII 1/35th armor kit announcement from Dragon — Kit No. 6565: 1/35th Flakpanzer IV Ausf. G “Wirbelwind” Early Production with Zimmerit.

Flakpanzer IV Wirbelwind

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Japanese Model 88 75-mm AA Gun

Description of the WWII Japanese Model 88 (1928) 75-mm Antiaircraft Gun from Japanese Field Artillery, Special Series No. 25, Military Intelligence Division, U.S. War Department, Washington, D.C., October 15, 1944.

Model 88 (1928) 75-mm AA Gun.

Model 88 (1928) 75-mm AA gun is the standard Japanese mobile antiaircraft artillery weapon. It has been encountered more generally in U.S. campaigns against the Japanese than any other artillery weapon. It has a high velocity which makes it suitable for use against ground targets, especially armor. It has been used both in defense of airfields against ground attack and in a dual-purpose role as an antiaircraft and coast-defense gun. For antitank purposes it has the advantage of all-round traverse and the disadvantage of limited mobility. It thus can be quite effective when fired from ambush against tanks, but it cannot shoot and run.

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Flak: Lessons Learned

“Lessons Learned” by U.S. Eighth Air Force fighters against German flak taken from Light, Intense, and Accurate: U.S. Eighth A.F. Strategic Fighters Versus German Flak in the ETO, Headquarters, 65th Fighter Wing, August 1945. The booklet was the work of Lt. Col. San Souci and Capt. William D. Thurston, assisted by Lt. Col. R. F. Kennedy, Wing A-2.

Flak Lessons Learned U.S. 8th Air Force


In fighting back at light flak, Enemy No. 1 of our fighters in the Eighth Air Force, we all learned a great deal. Operating as we did in East Anglia in England, a tight little area crowded to capacity with strategic air units, we were ideally situated to analyze, discuss and record what we learned over a considerable period of time. Our military communications net was perhaps the finest that ever existed in any combat zone, and the exchange of information among units left little to be desired.

Some of the lessons that grew out of this particular situation are worth setting down in a list, followed in Chapter XII by recommendations based on our experience:

1. Specialization in Fighters is a Myth. Anyone using fighters in a strategic air force might just as well make up his mind in the beginning that before it’s over his pilots will come up against every type of defense the enemy has. It was an error in the early days in the ETO to assume that high-level escort fighters would not be bothered by light flak. Ultimately we had to prepare to meet it, and we should have started sooner than we did.

2. Photo Interpretation is Reliable in Locating Flak. Our own experience as we went along, and investigations on the ground in Germany after the war, both proved that the flak defenses pin-pointed by photo reconnaissance were over 90% correct.

3. Reconnaissance Must be Continuous. It is obvious that frequent photos of every area reached by the strategic air force are absolutely essential in order to keep abreast of the fluid flak situation.

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