New Soviet Artillery Crew from MiniArt

New WWII Russian artillery figures set has been announced by MiniArt: No. 35185: SOVIET HEAVY ARTILLERY CREW. The kit contains models of five figures with new heads, ammunition boxes, shells, and weapons.



12-Inch Mortar M1912

Description and characteristics of the 12-inch Mortar M1912 from TM 9-458: 12-inch Mortar M1912 Mounted on 12-inch Mortar Carriage M1896MIII, U.S. War Department Technical Manual, Washington, D.C., August 1942.

12-inch Mortar M1912 Mounted on 12-inch Mortar Carriage M1896MIII


These 12-inch mortars are comparatively short-barreled weapons able to fire in all directions (360° traverse) but only at high angles of elevation. The maximum elevation attainable is approximately 65°. The minimum elevation (just clearing the emplacement walls) is 45°. The weapon must be depressed to 0° between rounds for loading. These mortars are no longer manufactured.

FIGURE 1.--12-inch mortar M1912 on mortar carriage M1896MIII.

FIGURE 1.–12-inch mortar M1912 on mortar carriage M1896MIII.

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LZ Models German sIG 33/2 Jagdpanzer 38(t)

From LZ Models, a new 1/35th-scale resin and PE conversion kit of the German sIG 33/2 Jagdpanzer 38(t) conversion set. Kit includes a detailed and accurate conversion with 120 resin parts and over 350 PE parts (including shell mounts and ammo cartridges), plastic parts, and wires.

LZ Models German sIG 33/2 Jagdpanzer 38(t)

12.8cm Kanone (K 81/2) Model Kit

128mm German Antitank Gun (12.8cm Kanone K 81/2)ACE Models has announced the release of the 1/72nd-scale 12.8cm Kanone (K 81/2) PaK 44. See Catalog of Enemy Ordnance: 12.8 cm K. 44, Medium Field Gun.


Soviet Artillery Crew Figures

Tank has announced two new 1/35th-scale WW2 figure kits focused on the Eastern Front — T-35134: Soviet Artillery Crew I (Winter 1941-43) and T-35135 Soviet Artillery Crew II (Winter 1941-43).

Soviet Artillery Crew Winter 1941-1943 Model Figures Soviet Artillery Crew Winter 1941-1943 WW2 

M8 75-mm Howitzer Motor Carriage

Diagram of the WWII M8 75-mm Howitzer Motor Carriage. (Source: Technical Manual TM 9-1729A, U.S. War Department, 1944.)

75mm Howitzer Motor Carriage M8


Japanese Model 88 75-mm AA Gun

Description of the WWII Japanese Model 88 (1928) 75-mm Antiaircraft Gun from Japanese Field Artillery, Special Series No. 25, Military Intelligence Division, U.S. War Department, Washington, D.C., October 15, 1944.

Model 88 (1928) 75-mm AA Gun.

Model 88 (1928) 75-mm AA gun is the standard Japanese mobile antiaircraft artillery weapon. It has been encountered more generally in U.S. campaigns against the Japanese than any other artillery weapon. It has a high velocity which makes it suitable for use against ground targets, especially armor. It has been used both in defense of airfields against ground attack and in a dual-purpose role as an antiaircraft and coast-defense gun. For antitank purposes it has the advantage of all-round traverse and the disadvantage of limited mobility. It thus can be quite effective when fired from ambush against tanks, but it cannot shoot and run.

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Destruction of Artillery Ammunition

Instructions for destruction of artillery ammunition to prevent capture by the enemy — the methods will require imagination, initiative, and ingenuity. Source: TM 9-1901: Artillery Ammunition, U.S. War Department Technical Manual, June 1944.



a. When immediate capture of ammunition is threatened by a turn of events in the combat zone and when the ammunition cannot be evacuated, it will be as completely destroyed or damaged as available time, equipment, materials, and personnel will permit.

b. The destruction of ammunition will be accomplished only on authority delegated by the division or higher commander.

c. The methods used will require imagination, initiative, and ingenuity, and should be the simplest which will accomplish the desired purpose.


a. Ammunition can be destroyed most quickly by detonation or burning.

(1) DETONATION. Unpacked high-explosive rounds, separate-loading high-explosive shell, and high capacity items such as antitank mines, bangalore torpedoes, bursters or caps, packed or unpacked, may be destroyed by placing them in contact in piles and detonating them with a charge of TNT, using with blasting cap and sufficient safety fuse to permit reaching cover at 200 yards. About 1 pound of TNT per 100 pounds of ammunition as packed, should be sufficient,

(2) BURNING. All other types of ammunition such as packed high-explosive rounds and propelling charges, small-arms ammunition, grenades, pyrotechnics, etc., packed or unpacked, can most rapidly be destroyed by burning. The ammunition may be piled in the containers (except small-arms cartridges which should be broken out) with all available inflammable material as wood, rags, brush, and cans or drums of gasoline. The gasoline should be poured over the pile and ignited from cover. Rounds that come through the fire unexploded will be in the nature of duds, that is, in a condition dangerous to handle.


155-mm Gun M2

Data pertaining to the 155-mm gun M2, the carriage M1 or M1A1, the 155-mm gun mount M13 (T14), and the limbers M2 and M5. All data from the WWII U.S. War Department Technical Manual TM 9-350: 155-mm Gun M2; Carriage M1 and M1A1, Gun Mount M13; Heavy Carriage Limber M2 and M5; and Firing Platform M1, May 1945.


a. Data pertaining to 155-mm gun M2.


Weight of gun (complete with breech mechanism)     9,595 lb
Weight of tube assembly (barrel)   9,190 lb
Length of tube   277.37 in.
Length of bore   cal. .45
Length of rifling   230.57 in.
Powder pressure (normal pressure with maximum charge in a new gun) lb per square in   40,000
Type of breecblock   Interrupted screw
Weight of breech mechanism   405 lb
Type of firing mechanism   continuous pull percussion hammer


Muzzle velocity (average velocity with a new gun in feet per second):
     Shell AP (Maximum zone charge)   2,745 fps
     Shell HE (Maximum zone charge)   2,800 fps
Range: (Maximum)
     AP Shell   24,075 yd
     HE Shell   25,715 yd
Rate of fire:
     Normal   round 1 (per 2 minutes)

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German 105-mm Howitzer

Three views of the German 105-mm howitzer (10.5 cm leFH 18, leichte FeldHaubitze) from the U.S. War Department technical manual TM E9-325A: German 105-mm Howitzer Materiel, June 1944.

German 105-mm Howitzer and Carriage, Firing Position

German 105-mm Howitzer and Carriage, Firing Position

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