Support the Site:

40-mm Twin Gun Assembly

40-mm Twin Gun Assembly (Source: Naval Ordnance and Gunnery, NAVPERS 16116, Bureau of Naval Personnel, Training Division, May 1944.).


Two Traffic Pattern Rules

Flying Airport Traffic Pattern

There are two general roles to follow in every case, regardless of the traffic pattern. Never forgot them:

1. Keep the pattern in close enough to the field and at sufficient altitude so you can bring your airplane in safely even with the power off, if necessary.

2. In preparing to peel off, don’t come barreling in at excessive speed. The greater the speed, the longer it takes you to slow down. After you are cleared for peeloff by the tower, slow down to 200-225 IAS before actually peeling off.

Source: Pilot Training Manual for the P-51 Mustang, AAF Manual 51-127-5, Headquarters Army Air Forces, Washington, D.C., August 1945.

Bombardier’s Kit

Bombardier's Kit and Tools


The bombardier’s kit is a cloth case containing computers, tables, and pertinent working materials for use in maintaining bombing records and calculations. It is provided for every student and graduate bombardier through regular supply channels.

It includes: C-2, G-1, J-1, and E-6B computers; set of dropping angle charts for use with E-6B computer; stop watch and wrist watch; pen-type flashlight; bombing flight record holder, tools; drafting pencils; eraser, dividers; Weems plotter; parallel rule; transparent triangles; bombing tables.

REFERENCE: Technical Order 00-30-38-2.

Source: Bombardiers’ Information File, U.S. War Department, March 1945.

Hellcats Aloft

Chockman frees an F6F preparatory to its rush down flight deck to join other Hellcats already aloft. In operations, teamwork and split-second timing are vital to the success of every mission. (Naval Aviation News, U.S. Navy, Sept. 1944.)

F6F Hellcat

B-26 Marauder “Bar Fly”

The Martin B-26 Marauder “Bar Fly” from 386th BG, 554th BS photographed over France on its 67th mission. “Bar Fly” reached 175 missions with the 9th Air Force before crashing on takeoff on its 175th mission in January 1945.

Martin B-26 Marauder "Bar Fly" of U.S. 9th Air Force in WW2

(U.S. Air Force Photo)


Jeep Sling

Instructions for making a jeep lift bar from the 881st Ordnance HAM Company, from Army Motors, July 1945.


Ordinarily, when you evacuate a helpless jeep and have to lift it on or off a cargo truck with your wrecker, the victim is hoisted by wrapping a chain around it. This gets it where it’s going. But often the jeep is in even worse shape when you’re through because the chain damages the body. To prevent a lot of unnecessary repair work, the 881st Ord. HAM Co. got busy and devised a simple sling that holds the jeep firmly but never leaves a mark.

Jeep Sling Figure 2

The sling is made of a reinforced 6″ I-beam, a chain with a hook at one end, two chains with hooks on the other end, and two heavy metal rings near the center of the beam. You reinforce the I-beam on both sides, preferably with U-channel iron if you’ve got it; otherwise use plate. It’s better not to extend these reinforcements along the beam’s full length or it’ll increase the sling’s weight considerably. Instead, you can place one at each end and overlap them in the center for added strength under the ring holes.

In case you can’t find an I-beam, two pieces of frame side-rail bolted or welded together will do just as well and you won’t have to bother to reinforce it. You’ll find the exact dimensions for building the sling in Fig. 1.

Jeep Sling Figure 1

To put this sling to work, first lower the top and windshield of the 1/4-ton and see that the rear seat is level with the back edge of the body. Then place the I-beam lengthwise over the jeep with the single-chain end to the rear (Fig. 2). Hook the single chain in the pintle, or if there isn’t any, under the rear edge of the frame. Then hook the other two chains under the two frame-ends supporting the front bumper. After you place the wrecker hook through the center rings, you can gently lift the jeep to where you want it with nary a slip.


Life on a Raft

Life on a Raft

Answers: 1. 2, 2. 3, 3. 4, 4. 4, 5. 2, 6. 3 (Naval Aviation News, August 1, 1944.)


Identify when Approaching Allied Ships

Identify when Approaching Allied Ships

Note to Pilots: This could be YOU!
Identify when Approaching Allied Ships!

GO AHEAD! Fly over one of our ships without identifying. Test the crew’s quickness on recognition… if you want that plane you’re flying punctured like a hunk of swiss cheese! Then, should you live to add up the count–you undoubtably won’t!–you can flatter the AA crews on how accurate their lead is!

But it’s saner and safer, to identify. Remember, AA crews are plenty yough and trained to shoot. If you approach Allied ships and leave them doubtful as to whether you’re friend or foe, they won’t ask too many questions, wait too long…

Don’t expect crews to take chances. They’ve had ships blown from under them, seen shipmates machine-gunned to death because they were slow to act. And most of the unfortunate cases where friendly planes were shot out of the sky were the fault of pilots who failed to identify their planes as friendly.

So don’t you take chances. Ships will challenge, but don’t wait. It’s the pilot’s responsibility to identify first.

Ships will recognize, but don’t stake your social security on it. They may not be sure, there may be clouds, enemy planes…

In the final analysis, it’s that ship and its big complement against your plane and lonely little you. You’re valuable, but you know which counts more with the Fleet!

RECOMMENDED READING: (1) Recognition and Identification Sense, (2) Identify… or Else! reprint from Naval Aviation News.

Source: Naval Aviation News, August 1, 1944.

New Red Army Officer Figures from Stalingrad

New Red Army Officer scale resin figures from Stalingrad. All three figures are based on uniforms worn by the staff officers of 64th Guard Tank Brigade, commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Boyko, 1st Ukrainian Front, May 1944. Figures are No. 3573, No. 3574, and No. 3575 – Red Army Officer, 1943-45

Red Army Officer 3573 WW2 Red Army Officer 3574-1 Stalingrad Red Army Officer WWII 3575-1

3.7cm FlaK 43 auf Fahrgestell, Pz.Kpfw.III Ausf.M

New 1/35th-scale model kit announcement from Cyber-Hobby: 3.7cm FlaK 43 auf Fahrgestell, Pz.Kpfw. III Ausf. M (Versuchsaufbau).

1/35 3.7cm FlaK 43 auf Fahrgestell, Pz.Kpfw.III Ausf.M (Versuchsaufbau)