Diagram of M4A2 Sherman tank ammunition storage from TM 9-731B: Medium Tank M4A2, War Department Technical Manual, Washington, January 13, 1943.
Figure 8A--Ammunition Stowage
97 rounds 75 mm 50% HE 40% AP 10% WP (smoke)
15 rounds–Left sponson forward of water can rack. 17 rounds–Right sponson next to assistant driver. 15 rounds–Right sponson forward of engine compartment bulkhead. 30 rounds–On floor under turret basket to rear of escape door. 8 rounds–On turret “ready” rack floor. 12 rounds–In ready clips around turret basket step.
300 rounds caliber .50 80% AP 20% tracer
150 rounds–In three 50-round boxes right sponson next to assistant driver. 150 rounds–In three 50-round boxes strapped to turret floor.
6750 rounds caliber .30 80% AP 20% tracer
4500 rounds–In eighteen 250-round expendable boxes under turret basket to rear of driver. 1750 rounds–In seven 250-round expendable boxes, on turret floor under 75 mm gun. 230 rounds–One 250-round expendable box on “ready” rack of bow gun. 250 rounds–In one 250-round expendable box on “ready” rack of turret machine gun.
Panzerwrecks 13: Italy 2, the latest volume in the well known Panzerwrecks photo-book series, has been released by authors Lee Archer and William Auerbach. Photograph features include: Weapons Dump – Italian Style; Nashorn 214; Elefants of 1./s.Pz.Jg.Abt.653; and Dug-in Panther Turret – Concealed Killer. Other highlights include: Recaptured Shermans from 760th U.S. Tank Battalion and NZ 19th Armoured Regiment; Sturmgeschütz IV fitted with concrete add-on armour; rare photos of the Panzerjäger Elefant, field modification of Sd.Kfz.10/4 halftrack with a 2cm Italian Scotti flak; T-34 tanks used in Italy; and AB41 armored cars surrendered to U.S. forces.
Panzerwrecks 13 lengthy Axis vehicle list includes: Elefant, Tiger I, Panther Ausf. A uparmored, Panther Ausf. A dug in, Panther Ausf. A, Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. G, Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. H, Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. J, Sturmgeschütz IV, Nashorn, Sturmgeschütz III Ausf. G, Sturmhaubitze 42, Marder 38t, M4A1 Sherman, Sherman III (M4A2), T-34/76, 19.4cm Kanone 485 (f) GPF, StuG M42 mit 75/18 850 (i), StuG M42 mit 75/34 851 (i), StuG M43 mit 75/34 851 (i), StuG M43 mit 105/25 853 (i), 15cm Panzerwerfer 42, le.Zgkw 1t (Sd.Kfz. 10), Sfl. (Sd.Kfz. 10/4) für 2cm Flak (Scotti), Sfl. (Sd.Kfz. 10/5) für 2cm Flak, le.Zgkw 3t (Sd.Kfz. 11), Nbkw für 15cm NbW41 (Sd.Kfz. 11), 3.7cm Flak36 auf Sf (Sd.Kfz. 7/2), m.S.P.W. (Sd.Kfz. 251) Ausf. C, le.S.P.W. (2cm) (Sd.Kfz. 250/9) Ausf. A, and Pz.Sp.Wg.AB41 201(i).
Instructions for painting the M4 Sherman tank from the Technical Manual TM 9-731B: Medium Tank M4A2, January 1943.
Section XXV: PAINTING
a. Ordnance materiel is painted before issue to the using arms. One maintenance coat per year will ordinarily be ample for protection. With but few exceptions, this materiel will be painted with ENAMEL, synthetic, olive drab, lusterless. The enamel may be applied over old coats of long oil enamel and oil paint previously issued by the Ordnance Department if the old coat is in satisfactory condition for repainting.
b. Paints and enamels, usually issued ready for use, are applied by brush or spray. They may be brushed on satisfactorily when used unthinned in the original package consistency or when thinned no more than 5 per cent by volume with THINNER. The enamel will spray satisfactorily when thinned with 15 per cent by volume of THINNER. (Linseed oil must not be used as a thinner in this enamel, since it will impart an undesirable luster.) If sprayed, enamel dries rapidly enough to permit repainting after one-half hour, and dries hard in 16 hours.
c. Certain exceptions to the regulations concerning painting exist. Fire-control instruments, sighting equipment, and other associated items will not be painted.
d. Complete information on painting is contained in TM 9-850.
During the Battle of the Bulge, the Germans disguised several Panther tanks as U.S. M10 tank destroyers (“Ersatz M10″). Part of the Operation Greif created and commanded by Otto Skorzeny, Panzer Brigade 150 deployed these Panther Ausf. G tanks which had been extensively modified and painted to resemble U.S. M10 tank destroyers.
Tank driver instructions for dealing with mud, thrown tracks, and bellied tanks from From TM 21-306: Manual for the Full Track Vehicle Driver, War Department, August 1946.
CHAPTER 6: FIELD EXPEDIENTS
32. GENERAL. Field expedients are based on a common sense use of the things you have in the field with which to do a job. A few minutes of thought before starting the work often save hours of unnecessary labor.
33. CONTROLLED DIFFERENTIAL. A number of field expedients for full-track vehicles are based on the way the controlled differential works. If your vehicle has thrown or broken one track, you can move the vehicle by holding back on the steering lever on the same side. This throws power over to the side that has the track and your vehicle moves either forward or in reverse. However, if you do not hold back on this steering lever, the vehicle stands still because the power is thrown to the sprocket which is free to turn without the track. Paragraphs 34 through 38 describe several of the most common field expedients.
34. ONE TRACK SPINNING. To move a full-track vehicle which has one track on solid ground and the other spinning in the mud, pull back on the steering lever on the same side as the spinning track. This throws power to the track on solid ground and your vehicle moves out. (See fig. 36.) To move the vehicle in a straight line pull back alternately on the levers.
Figure 36. When in mud and only one track spins, move the vehicle by holding back on the steering lever on the same side as the spinning track.