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German Large Caliber Artillery

Table of German heavy artillery in World War II from Catalog of Enemy Ordnance, U.S. Office of Chief of Ordnance, 1945.


Gun*Type of Carriage and TraverseWeight of Equip­ment (lb.)Length of Barrel in CalibersPROJECTILERemarks
Max. Range (yds.)Muzzle Vel. (ft./sec.)Type**Weight (lbs.)
15 cm K. in Mrs. Laf.  4526,0002,730H.E. (15 cm K. gr. 18)94.6Probably used on platform for coast defense
15 cm K. 18 (149 mm)Mod. Box Trail 12°28,4595527,0402,840H.E. (15 cm K. gr. 18)94.6 
15 cm K. 39 (149 mm)Split Trail 60°27,28055.427,0402,840H.E. (15 cm K. gr. 18)94.6Probably mfd. by Krupp
17 cm K. in Mrs. Laf. 18Mod. Box Trail 16°38,5005032,3703,035H.E.B.C. (17 cm K. gr. 38 Hb.)138Krupp, Essen
21 cm Mrs. 18Mod. Box Trail 16°36,7003118,3001,854H.E. (21 cm gr. 18)249Krupp, Essen
21 cm K. 38Field 360°78,0005037,2002,870H.E. (21 cm K. gr. 38)265360° on platform. Krupp, Essen
21 cm K. 39Field 360°74,8004532,8002,620H.E. (21 cm gr. 40)278Skoda design
21 cm K. 39/40
21 cm K. 39/41
       Both reported to be very similar to 21 cm K. 39
21 cm K. 42   37,0002,820  Muzzle brake fitted
24 cm H. 39Field 360°59,4002819,7001,970H.E. (24 cm gr. 39)365Skoda design similar to 21 cm K. 39
24 cm H. 39/40       Later version of 24 cm H. 39
24 cm K. 3 (238 mm)119,00046
(55?)
41,0003,248H.E. (24 cm gr. 35)331 
24 cm K. 18 (238 mm)Field 6°118,8005540,5003,180 332Fires splined projectile, Rheinmetal Borsig
28 cm H.L./12Static 360°111,0001211,4001,150H.E. (28 cm Spr. gr. L./3.5 m. Bdz.)770Uses DeBange Type obturator. Obsolete except for coastal defense
28 cm Kst. H.Static 360°81,5001212,5001,243H.E. (28 cm Sprgr. L./3.5 m. Bdz.)770Similar to 28 cm. H.L./12. Fires same projectile
35.5 cm M. 1Field165,000 21,9001,870Anticoncrete (35.5 cm gr. Be.)825 
42 cm Gamma Mrs.Static 45°308,0001615,5001,485Anticoncrete (s. Gr. Be.)2,249
2,253
Similar to last war equipment
61.5 cm Mrs. 264,000815,3001,380Anticoncrete (gaschosse L./4.1 für Karl gerät)4,400Reported to have an auxiliary 54 cm barrel
15 cm K. (E)Rly. 360°167,0004025,2002,800H.E. (15 cm K. gr. 18)94.6Naval design. Krupp. Same projectile as 15 cm K. 18
17 cm K. (E)Rly. 360°176,0004029,2002,870H.E.B.C. (17 cm Sprgr. L./4.7 Kz. m. Hb.)138Naval design. Krupp
20 cm K. (E) (203 mm)Rly. Turntable 360°189,5005540,0003,030H.E.B.C. (20.3 cm Sprgr. L./4.7 m. Hb.)247Naval design. Also known as 20 cm S. K. C./34
21 cm K. 12 (E)Rly.744,000196131,0005,330H.E.B.C. (21 cm gr. 35 m. Hb.)236Splined projectile. Differences are not known
21 cm K. 12V (E)Rly.       
21 cm K. 12N (E)Rly.      Believed to involve an alteration of the rifling
24 cm Th. Br. K (E) (238 mm)Rly. 1°207,0003522,2002,210H.E.B.C. (24 cm Sprgr. L./4.5 Bdz. u Kz. m. Hb. ung)328Sister piece to “Theodor Kanone”
24 cm Th. K. (E) (238 mm)Rly.209,00040
(48?)
29,0002,660H.E.B.C. (24 cm Sprgr. L./4.2 m. Bdz. u Kz. m. Hb.)330“Theodor Kanone” Naval design
28 cm Ks. Br. K. (E)Rly.262,0004032,3002,690H.E.B.C. (28 cm Sprgr. L./4.1 Kz. m. Hb.)529Naval design. Carriages are believed to be very similar
28 cm lg. Br. K. (E)Rly.271,0004540,5002,820H.E.B.C. (28 cm Sprgr. L./4.4 m. Bdz. u Kz. m. Hb.)626Naval design. Carriages are believed to be very similar
28 cm s. Br. K. (E)Rly.286,0005040,5002,880H.E.B.C. (28 cm Sprgr. L./4.4 m. Bdz. u Kz. m. Hb.)626Naval design. Carriages are believed to be very similar
28 cm Br. N. K. (E)Rly.330,000 50,2003,260H.E.B.C. (28 cm Gr. 39 m. Hb.)496Probably splined projectile
28 cm K. 5 (E)Rly. 1° Turntable 360°480,0007663,0003,670H.E.B.C. (28 cm Gr. 35)550Weight does not include turntable. Fires splined projectile. Also reported to fire a rocket assisted shell (28 cm R. Gr. L/4.7) with range of 53 miles.
28 cm K. 5/1 (E)     H.E.B.C. (28 cm Gr. 42) Differences from 28 cm K5 are unknown
28 cm K. 5/2 (E)     H.E.B.C. (28 cm Gr. 42) Differences from 28 cm K. 5 are unknown
38 cm Siegfried K. (E)Rly. Turntable 360° 55
(52?)
61,0003,450H.E.B.C. (38 cm Sprgr. L./4.5) (Si)1,096Naval design. Also fires a 1,764 lb. shell with maximum range of 46,000 yds.
40 cm K. (E) (406 mm)Rly.710,0005049,0003,450
2,790
H.E. (40 cm gr. 40)1,320
2,100
Naval design—Adolf. K.
80 cm Gustav Geschütz 2,750,0003551,500  16,700 

* Almost all the data given have not been verified by tests performed by any Allied government and information from sources available varies considerably in reliability and degree of confirmation.
** Of the several types of projectiles fired by each weapon, only one believed to give maximum range is listed.

21 cm Mrs. 18:
21 cm Mrs. mit Mrs. Laf. 18: Heavy Howitzer

20 cm K. (E) (203 mm):
20 cm K. (E): Railway Gun

 

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