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German Infantry Weapons
Military Intelligence Service, Special Series No. 14, May 25, 1943
[DISCLAIMER: The following text is taken from a WWII U.S. War Department Special Series publication. As with all wartime intelligence information, data may be incomplete or inaccurate. No attempt has been made to update or correct the text. Any views or opinions expressed do not necessarily represent those of the website.]



The hand grenades used by the German Army are all of the "offensive" type: that is, they have a thin metal casing with a high proportion of explosive filler. Being of this type, they depend on the blast effect, instead of on the fragmentation of the case as in the U.S. "defensive-type" Mills grenades. They can be used safely by troops advancing erect in the open, because they can be thrown to a distance greater than their effective bursting radius. The model 24 and model PH 39 stick-type, or "potato masher"-type, grenades are used more often than the "egg"-type and can be regarded as the standard hand grenades of the German Army. In addition, there is a smoke stick grenade which differs from the regular stick, or "potato masher," only in the marking on the head of the grenade.

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