[Webmaster Note: The following division information is reproduced
from the public domain publication, The Army Almanac: A Book of
Facts Concerning the Army of the United States, U.S. Government Printing Office,
1950. Portions of the information may be out of date. Only minor formatting changes and
typographical corrections have been made.]
World War I
Activated: October 1917.
Overseas: 18 July 1918.
Major Operations: Meuse-Argonne (less FA).
Casualties: Total - 1,647 (KIA - 120; WIA - 1,527).
Commanders: Maj. Gen. Charles C. Ballou (29 October 1917),
Maj. Gen. Charles H. Martin (19 November 1918),
Brig. Gen. James B. Erwin (16 December 1918).
Returned to U.S. and inactivated: February 1919.
World War II
Activated: 15 October 1942.
Overseas: 22 September 1944.
Campaigns: North Apennines, Po Valley.
Awards: DSC-2; DSM-1; SS-208; LM-8; SM-10; BSM-1,166.
Commanders: Maj. Gen. Edward M. Almond (October 1942-August 1945),
Brig. Gen. John E. Wood, August 1945 to inactivation).
Returned to U.S.: 26 November 1945.
Inactivated: 28 November 1945.
The 370th RCT, attached to the
1st Armored Division,
arrived in Naples, Italy, 1 August 1944 and entered combat on the 24th. It
participated in the crossing of the Arno River, the occupation of Lucca and
the pentration of the Gothic Line. Enemy resistance was negligible in its
area. As Task Force 92, elements of the 92nd attacked on the Ligurian coastal
flank toward Massa, 5 October. By the 12th, the slight gains achieved were
lost to counterattacks. On 13 October, the remainder of the Division
concentrated for patrol activities. Elements of the 92nd moved to the
Serchio sector, 3 November 1944, and advanced in the Serchio River Valley
against light resistance, but the attempt to capture Castelnuovo did not
succeed. Patrol activities continued until 26 December when the enemy
attacked, forcing units of the 92nd to withdraw. The attack ended on
28 December. Aside from patrols and reconnaissance, units of the 92nd
attacked in the Serchio sector, 5-8 February 1945, but enemy
counterattacks nullified Division advances. On 1 April, the 370th Regiment
and the attached 442nd Infantry Regiment (Nisei) attacked in the Ligurian
coastal sector and drove rapidly north against light opposition. The 370th
took over the Serchio sector and pursued a retreating enemy from 18 April
until the collapse of enemy forces, 29 April 1945. Elements of the
92nd Division entered La Spezia and Genoa on the 27th and took over
selected towns along the Ligurian coast until the enemy
surrendered, 2 May 1945.
Nickname: Buffalo Division.
Slogan: Deeds, not words.
Shoulder patch: Black-bordered circular patch of olive drab, containing
a black buffalo.
Publication: With the 92nd Infantry Division; U. S. Army;
92nd Division; Information and Education Section, MTOUSA; 95 pp.
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