The frontier warfare resulted in a flood of theory on defense, much of which originated with Rommel and his three major generals, Neumann-Silkow, Summermann, and Ravenstein.
Neumann-Silkow emphasized the value of antitank trenches, as at Point 208, which remain tenable even when an enemy has penetrated a defense area. He ordered them to be dug at all positions. He declared the personality of the stützpunkt commander (undoubtedly thinking of the fine showmanship of Bach) to be one of the most important elements in stützpunkt defense.
For special emphasis, he singled out the camouflage of Point 208, where
the British had not seen the position even after penetrating the
defended area. He directed that stone walls be removed and used in
future only on dummy positions, and that
The artillery in defense, he said, has three principal missions: to attack concentrations of tanks and motor transport; to disperse columns pushing past stützpunkte; and to lay a barrage on infantry attacks. It was not to fire upon individual tanks except at close range, when the position had been penetrated. All artillery (including antiaircraft) must be prepared to move rapidly out of the stützpunkt in an offensive role.
In the counterattack, artillery was to fire upon tank
concentrations, infantry in trucks, enemy batteries, and retreating
forces of all kinds. The