It is essential that antitank guns be carefully emplaced and effectively camouflaged. Certain
antitank guns have a very strong muzzle blast. In the desert terrain of the Middle East the
force of this blast throws up a cloud of dust and sand that quickly reveals the position to
enemy observers and often completely obscures the field of fire. Consequently, it is necessary
to provide such guns with a blast screen. To eliminate this difficulty the device shown in
the accompanying sketch has been suggested. It consists simply of a net of fine wire mesh, supported
on pegs extending about one inch above the surface of the ground. The wire mesh should be so painted
as to blend into the surrounding terrain. Other provisions for eliminating the dust include covering
the critical areas with concrete or cement, paving the areas with stone, or treating them with
oil. The areas should be camouflaged whenever the guns are not firing.
|Antitank Gun Emplacement|
It is also necessary to make the inside of the emplacement as dustproof as possible so that dust
will not be sucked up in the rush of air following the discharge.
Furthermore, it has been found essential to provide alternative positions, and to construct all
emplacements so as to permit easy removal of the gun. These provisions have been found absolutely
indispensable, for the fire of the weapon will inevitably betray even the best constructed position.
When the terrain permits, the gun should be defiladed from the enemy by emplacement on a reverse
slope, or, if the country is flat, behind a natural or artificial mound. If an artificial mound is
constructed, it should be as low as possible.
The arc of fire should be large; 180° is normal.
The gun should have overhead camouflage, but covering should be constructed so that it can be easily
removed when there is need to close station rapidly.
In general conception the emplacement should be an open pit of minimum dimensions.