A preliminary examination in the United Kingdom of a captured PzKw 3
Model L (Tp)* has disclosed that the long-barreled 50-mm tank
gun, 50-mm Kw. K 39, is balanced by means of a torsion-bar compensator.
As shown in the sketch, the torsion bar is mounted on the inside of the
turret roof parallel to the trunnion axis and is anchored at each end. An arm is
attached to the center of the bar which carries at its free end a pair of rollers.
The bar is pre-set so that the rollers exert a downward force on a flat plate bolted
to the gun cradle a few inches from the trunnion axis.
It will be seen from the sketch that, as this plate is fairly close to the
trunnion axis, the maximum twist of the bar (from full depression to full elevation)
is quite small.
The short tank gun, 50-mm Kw. K, in a
captured PzKw 3 Model J previously
examined was balanced by a coil spring in compression on the right of the mounting.
*The abbreviation Tp (Tropmunition) following the model-letter of the tank
indicates that this tank is adapted for use in the tropics.