[Webmaster Note: The following division information is reproduced
from the public domain publication, The Army Almanac: A Book of
Facts Concerning the Army of the United States, U.S. Government Printing Office,
1950. Portions of the information may be out of date. Only minor formatting changes and
typographical corrections have been made.]
World War I
Activated: September 1917.
Overseas: August 1918.
Major Operations: Meuse-Argonne.
Casualties: Total - 1,104 (KIA - 195, WIA - 909).
Commanders: Brig. Gen. Charles H. Barth (28 August 1917),
Maj. Gen. Charles J. Bailey (8 October 1917),
Brig. Gen. Charles H. Barth (24 November 1917),
Brig. Gen. G. W. McIver (28 December 1917),
Maj. Gen. Charles J. Bailey (11 March 1918),
Brig. Gen. G. W. McIver (19 May 1918),
Brig. Gen. Munroe McFarland (24 May 1918),
Maj. Gen. Charles J. Bailey (30 May 1918),
Brig. Gen. G. W. McIver (9 June 1918),
Maj. Gen. Charles J. Bailey (3 July 1918).
World War II
Activated: 15 June 1942.
Overseas: 3 July 1944.
Campaigns: Western Pacific, South Philippines.
Days of combat: 166.
Awards: DSC-7; DSM-2; SS-281; LM-7; SM-40; BSM-658; AM-15.
Commanders: Maj. Gen. Gustave H. Franke (June-August 1942),
Maj. Gen. Paul J. Mueller (August 1942 to inactivation).
Inactivated: 30 January 1946 in Japan.
The 81st Infantry Division landed in Hawaii, 11 June-8 July 1944. The Division
minus RCT 323 invaded Angaur Island in the Palau group, 17 September, and
pushed through to the western shore in a quick movement, cutting the island in
half. The enemy was driven into isolated pockets and mopping-up operations
began on the 20th. RCT 321, attached to the 1st Marine Division, went into
action on Peleliu Island in the Palaus and assisted in splitting defense forces
and isolating them in mountainous areas in the central part of the island. The
team aided in mopping up Ngesebus Island and capturing Kongauru and Garakayo
Islands. RCT 323 under naval task force command occupied Ulithi Island, 21-23 September 1944. Elements
of the team landed on Ngulu Atoll and destroyed enemy personnel and
installations, 16 October, completing the outflanking of the enemy base at Yap. On
the 18th RCT 323 left to rejoin the 81st on Peleliu, which assumed command of
all troops on that island and Angaur, 20 October 1944. Resistance was ended on
Peleliu, 27 November. Between 4 November 1944 and 1 January 1945, the Division
seized Pulo Anna Island, Kyangel Atoll, and Pais Island. The 81st left in
increments from 1 January to 8 February for New Caledonia for rehabilitation and
training. The Division arrived in Leyte on 17 May 1945, and after a period of training
participated in mopping-up operations in the northwest part of the
island, 21 July 1945 to 12 August 1945. After rest and training, the 81st moved to
Japan, 18 September, and performed occupational duties in Aomori Prefecture until inactivation.
Nickname: Wildcat Division.
Slogan: Wildcats Never Quit.
Shoulder patch: A black wildcat on a black bordered olive drab disk.
Publication: History of the 81st Infantry Wildcat Division in World War II, c/o Infantry
Journal, Washington, D.C.
6th Infantry Division
7th Infantry Division
24th Infantry Division
25th Infantry Division
27th Infantry Division
31st Infantry Division
32nd Infantry Division
33rd Infantry Division
37th Infantry Division
38th Infantry Division
40th Infantry Division
41st Infantry Division
43rd Infantry Division
77th Infantry Division
93rd Infantry Division
96th Infantry Division
98th Infantry Division
11th Airborne Division
1st Cavalry Division