[Webmaster Note: The following division information is reproduced
from the public domain publication, The Army Almanac: A Book of
Facts Concerning the Army of the United States, U.S. Government Printing Office,
1950. Portions of the information may be out of date. Only minor formatting changes and
typographical corrections have been made.]
World War I
World War II
- Activated: January 1918.
Overseas: November 1918.
Commanders: Col. Elmore F. Taggart (5 January 1918),
Col. G. L. Van Deusen (15 February 1918),
Brig. Gen. J. D. Leitch (25 February 1918),
Maj. Gen. J. F. Morrison (10 March 1918),
Brig. Gen. J. D. Leitch (18 March 1918),
Maj. Gen. W. S. Graves (18 July 1918),
Brig. Gen. J. D. Leitch (4 August 1918),
Maj. Gen. W. S. Graves (11 August 1918),
Brig. Gen. J. D. Leitch (12 August 1918),
Maj. Gen. Eli A. Helmick (2 September 1918),
Brig. Gen. J. J. Bradley (20 November 1918),
Maj. Gen. Eli A. Helmick (26 November 1918).
The 8th Division did not have battle experience in World War I; it
returned to the United States and was inactivated in January 1919.
Activated: 1 July 1940.
Overseas: 5 December 1943.
Campaigns: Normandy, North France, Rhineland, Central Europe.
Days of combat: 266.
Distinguished Unit Citations: 5.
Awards: MH-2; DSC-33; DSM-2; SS-768; LM-12; DFC-2; SM-24; BSM-2,874; AM-107.
Commanders: Maj. Gen. Philip B. Peyton (June 1940-December 1940),
Maj. Gen. James P. Marley (December 1940-February 1941),
Maj. Gen. William E. Shedd (February 1941),
Maj. Gen. Henry Terrell, Jr. (March 1941),
Maj. Gen. James P. Marley (April 1941-July 1942),
Maj. Gen. Paul E. Peabody (August 1942-January 1943),
Maj. Gen. William C. McMahon (February 1943-July 1944),
Maj. Gen. Donald A. Stroh (July 1944-December 1944),
Maj. Gen. William G. Weaver (December 1944-February 1945),
Maj. Gen. Bryant E. Moore (February 1945-November 1945),
Maj. Gen. William M. Miley (November 1945 to inactivation).
Returned to U.S.: 10 July 1945.
Inactivated: 20 November 1945.
Assignments in the ETO
After training in Ireland the 8th Infantry Division landed on
Utah Beach, Normandy, 4 July 1944, and entered combat on the 7th. Fighting
through the hedgerows, it crossed the Ay River, 26 July, pushed through
Rennes, 8 August, and attacked Brest in September. The Crozon Peninsula
was cleared, 19 September, and the Division drove across France to
Luxembourg, moved to the Hurtgen Forest, 20 November, cleared Hurtgen
on the 28th and Brandenburg, 3 December, and pushed on to the Roer. That
river was crossed on 23 February 1945, Duren taken on the 25th and the
Erft Canal crossed on the 28th. The 8th reached the Rhine near
Rodenkirchen, 7 March, and maintained positions along the river
near Koln. On 6 April the Division attacked northwest to aid in
the destruction of enemy forces in the Ruhr Pocket, and by the
17th had completed its mission. After security duty, the Division, under
operational control of the British Second Army, drove across the Elbe,
1 May, and penetrated to Schwerin when the war in Europe ended.
30 November 1943: Attached to First Army. //
24 December 1943: XV Corps. //
1 July 1944: VIII Corps, attached to First Army. //
1 August 1944: VIII Corps, Third Army, 12th Army Group. //
5 September 1944: VIII Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group. //
22 October 1944: VIII Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group. //
19 November 1944: V Corps. //
18 December 1944: VII Corps. //
20 December 1944: Attached, with the entire First Army, to the British 21st Army Group. //
22 December 1944: XIX Corps, Ninth Army (attached to British 21st Army Group), 12th Army Group. //
3 February 1945: VII Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group. //
2 April 1945: XVIII (Abn) Corps. //
26 April 1945: XVIII (Abn) Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group, but
attached for operations to the British Second Army in the
British 21st Army Group.
Nicknames: Golden Arrow Division; formerly called the Pathfinder Division.
Slogan: These are my credentials.
Shoulder patch: An upward pointing gold arrow piercing a silver figure "8" on a blue shield.
Publications: History of the 8th Infantry Division; by unit members; Army & Navy
Publishing Co., Baton Rouge, La.; 1947.
These Are My
Credentials, The Story of the 8th Infantry Division; Stars and
Stripes, Paris, Imprimerie du Centre; 1944; 31 pp.
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