[Webmaster Note: The following division information is reproduced
from the public domain publication, The Army Almanac: A Book of
Facts Concerning the Army of the United States, U.S. Government Printing Office,
1950. Portions of the information may be out of date. Only minor formatting changes and
typographical corrections have been made.]
World War I
Activated: August 1917.
Overseas: June 1918.
Major Operations: St. Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne.
Casualties: Total - 7,091 (KIA - 980; WIA - 6,111).
Commanders: Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood (27 August 1917),
Brig. Gen. Frank L. Winn (26 November 1917),
Brig. Gen. Thomas G. Hanson (24 December 1917),
Brig. Gen. Frank L. Winn (29 December 1917),
Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood (12 April 1918),
Brig. Gen. Frank L. Winn (1 June 1918),
Maj. Gen. William M. Wright (6 September 1918),
Maj. Gen. Frank L. Winn (12 November 1918).
Inactivated: May 1919.
World War II
Activated: 15 July 1942.
Overseas: 10 January 1945.
Campaigns: Rhineland, Central Europe.
Days of combat: 57.
Awards: DSM-1; SS-46; LM-5; SM-1; BSM-135; AM-17.
Commanders: Maj. Gen. William H. Gill (July 1942-February 1943),
Maj. Gen. Thomas D. Finley (February 1943 to inactivation).
Returned to U.S.: 16 December 1945.
Inactivated: 27 December 1945.
The 89th Infantry Division landed in France at Le Havre, 21 January 1945, and engaged
in several weeks of precombat training before moving up to the Sauer River into jump-off
positions east of Echternach, 11 March 1945. The neat day, the offensive began, and the
89th plunged across the Sauer in a rapid advance to and across the Moselle, 17 March.
The offensive rolled on, and the Division crossed the Rhine, 26 March, between the
towns of Kestert and Kaub. In April, the 89th attacked toward Eisenach, taking that
town, 6 April. The next objective was Friedrichroda, core of the vaunted Nazi
Redoubt in Thuringia. The city was secured by 8 April. The Division continued
to move eastward toward the Mulde River, capturing Zwickau by the 17th of the
month. The advance was halted, 23 April, and from then until VE-day, the Division
saw only limited action, engaging in patrolling and general security. Three towns,
Lossnitz, Aue, and Stollberg, were kept under constant pressure, but no attacks
Assignments in the ETO
21 January 1945: Fifteenth Army, 12th Army Group. // 4 March 1945: XII Corps, Third
Army, 12th Army Group. // 23 March 1945: VIII Corps. // 22 April 1945: VIII
Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.
Nickname: Rolling W; also called Middle West Division.
Slogan: Get it done.
Shoulder patch: A black bordered khaki circle containing the letter "W" within
a black bordered circle.
Publications: 89th Infantry Division, 1942-45; by unit members; The
Infantry Journal, Washington, D.C.; 1947.
Rolling Ahead; by
unit members; TI&E, ETOUSA; distributor, secretary, 89th
Division Society of World War II; 1947.
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