[Webmaster Note: The following division information is reproduced
from the public domain publication, The Army Almanac: A Book of
Facts Concerning the Army of the United States, U.S. Government Printing Office,
1950. Portions of the information may be out of date. Only minor formatting changes and
typographical corrections have been made.]
World War II
Activated: 15 November 1942.
Overseas: 6 October 1944.
Campaigns: Ardennes-Alsace, Rhineland, Central Europe.
Days of combat: 163.
Distinguished Unit Citations: 7.
Awards: MH-3; DSC-9; DSM-1; SS-560; LM-24; DFC-1; SM-23; BSM-5,208; AM-90.
Commanders: Maj. Gen. Withers A. Burress (November 1942-September 1945),
Brig. Gen. Andrew C. Tychsen (September 1945-January 1946).
Returned to U.S.: 10 January 1946.
Inactivated: 26 January 1946.
The 100th Infantry Division landed at Marseilles, France, 20 October 1944, and
sent its first elements into combat at St. Remy in the Vosges Mountains,
1 November 1944. The Division as a whole began the relief of the 45th at
Baccarat, 5 November, assuming control of the sector, 9 November. The attack
jumped off, 12 November, the Division driving against the German winter line
in the Vosges Mountains. The Division took Bertrichamps and Clairupt, pierced
the German line, and seized Raon l'Etape and St. Blaise, 16-26 November. Later
in November, elements assisted in holding the Saverne Gap bridgehead while the
bulk of the Division went into reserve. In December, the Division went on the
offensive in the vicinity of Bitche. Wingen and Lemberg were occupied in
fierce fighting, 6-10 December and Reyersweiler fell,
11-13 December. Fort Schiesseck capitulated after a heavy
assault, 20 December. With the outbreak of the Von Rundstedt offensive,
the Division was ordered to halt the attack and to hold defensive positions,
south of Bitche, as part of the Seventh Army mission during the Bulge battle.
German counterattacks of 1 and 8-10 January 1945 were repulsed; thereafter the
sector was generally quiet and the Division prepared for a resumption of
the offensive. On 15 March 1945, the attack jumped off and on 16 March,
Bitche fell to the 100th. Taking Neustadt and Ludwigshafen, the Division
reached the Rhine, 24 March. Crossing the Rhine, 31 March, it moved south
in the wake of the
10th Armored Division
and then east across the Neckar River, establishing and enlarging a bridgehead,
4-11 April. Heilbronn fell in house-to-house fighting, 12 April, and the
Division resumed its rapid pursuit of the enemy, reaching Stuttgart by
21 April. The 100th was mopping up along the Neckar, southeast of
Stuttgart, 23 April, when it was pinched out of VI Corps, and
confined its action to patrolling the sector east of Stuttgart. Shifting
to Goppingen, 30 April, the Division engaged in occupational duties as the
war in Europe ended.
Assignments in the ETO
1 November 1944: VI Corps, Seventh Army, 6th Army Group. //
27 November 1944: XV Corps. //
22 March 1945: XXI Corps. //
25 March. 1945: VI Corps: // 25 April 1945: Seventh Army, 6th Army Group.
Nickname: Century Division.
Slogan: Success in Battle.
Shoulder patch: Blue shield on which are superimposed
the Arabic numerals "100", the upper half of
the number in white and the lower half in gold.
Publications: 100th Infantry Division Pictorial Review; by unit
members; Albert Love Enterprises, Atlanta, Ga.; 1944.
of the Century; by unit members; TI&E, ETOUSA; distributor,
The Century Association; 1947.
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