[Webmaster Note: The following division information is reproduced
from the public domain publication, The Army Almanac: A Book of
Facts Concerning the Army of the United States, U.S. Government Printing Office,
1950. Portions of the information may be out of date. Only minor formatting changes and
typographical corrections have been made.]
World War II
Activated: 15 July 1942.
Overseas: 26 August 1944.
Campaigns: Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace, Central Europe.
Days of combat: 91.
Distinguished Unit Citations: 11.
Awards: MH-1; DSC-1; DSM-2; SS-191; LM-13; SM-11; BSM-1,263; AM-28.
Commanders: Maj. Gen. Geoffrey Keyes (JuneSeptember 1942),
Maj. Gen. John W. Leonard (October 1942 to inactivation).
Returned to U.S.: 10 October 1945.
Inactivated: 13 October 1945.
The 9th Armored Division landed in Normandy late in September 1944, and first went into
line, 23 October, on patrol duty in a quiet sector along the Luxembourg-German frontier. When
the Germans launched their winter offensive, the 9th, with no real combat experience, suddenly
found itself engaged in heavy fighting. The Division saw its severest action at St. Vith,
Echternach, and Bastogne, its units fighting in widely separated areas. Its stand at Bastogne
held off the Germans long enough to enable the
101st Airborne to
dig in for a defense of the city. After a rest period in January 1945, the Division made
preparations for a drive across the Roer River. The offensive was launched, 28 February,
and the 9th smashed across the Roer to Rheinbach, sending patrols into Remagen. The Ludendorff
Bridge at Remagen was found intact, and was seized by elements of the 9th Armored minutes
before demolition charges were set to explode on 7 March 1945. The Division exploited the
bridgehead, moving south and east across the Lahn River toward Limburg, where thousands of
Allied prisoners were liberated. The Division drove on to Frankfurt and then turned to assist
in the closing of the Ruhr Pocket. In April it continued east, encircled Leipzig and
secured a line along the Mulde River. The Division was shifting south to Czechoslovakia
when the war in Europe ended.
Assignments in the ETO
29 July 1944: Ninth Army. // 28 August 1944: III Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group. // 5 September 1944: XIII
Corps. // 28 September 1944: III Corps. // 15 October 1944: VIII Corps. // 22 October 1944: VIII
Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group. // 20 December 1944: III Corps, Third Army, 12th Army Group. //
21 December 1944: VIII Corps. // 30 December 1944: VIII Corps, Third Army, 12th Army Group,
but attached to Oise Section, Communication Zone, for supply. // 31 December 1944: SHAEF. //
8 January 1945: Fifteenth Army, 12th Army Group. // 22 February 1945: III Corps, First Army, 12th
Army Group. // 21 March 1945: V Corps. // 28 April 1945: VII Corps. // 30 April 1945: VIII Corps. //
4 May 1945: V Corps. // 6 May 1945: Third Army, 12th Army Group.
Nickname: Sometimes called Phantom Division.
Shoulder patch: Same as the 1st Armored with a number "9" in the upper portion of the triangle.
Publications: Bridge; by unit members; Carl Giesel, Bayreuth, Germany; 1945. History of
the 9th Armored Division; by unit members; Albert Love Enterprises, Atlanta,
Ga.; 1947. The 9th, The Story of the 9th Armored Division; U.S. Army
Forces in the European Theater; Paris, P. Dupont, 1945; 31 pp.
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