[Webmaster Note: The following division information is reproduced
from the public domain publication, The Army Almanac: A Book of
Facts Concerning the Army of the United States, U.S. Government Printing Office,
1950. Portions of the information may be out of date. Only minor formatting changes and
typographical corrections have been made.]
World War II
Activated: 15 July 1943.
Overseas: 5 February 1945.
Campaigns: Central Europe.
Days of combat: 3.
Awards: DSC-2; SS-4; SM-1; BSM-135; AM-1.
Commanders: Maj. Gen. Douglass T. Greene (July 1943-August 1944),
Brig. Gen. John L. Pierce (September 1944 to inactivation).
Returned to U.S.: 6 October 1945.
Inactivated: 15 October 1945.
The 16th Armored Division arrived in France, 11 February 1945, and was attached to
the Third Army. It was given a security and training mission at Nurnberg, Germany,
beginning 28 April. One of its component units, the 23rd Cavalry Reconnaissance
Squadron (mechanized), was relieved of security duty and attached to the
86th Division. While
under the control of that organization, it crossed the Isar River at
Granek, 30 April, advanced to Indorf, seizing several small villages, and
was driving toward Wasserburg against slight resistance when ordered to return
to Nurnberg. When the 23rd Cavalry Squadron arrived at Nurnberg, 4 May, it
reverted to the control of the 16th Armored. The Division proceeded to Waidhaus,
Germany, 5 May and launched an attack on Pilsen, Czechoslovakia, on the next
day, winning that city against scattered and sporadic resistance. The 7th and
8th of May were spent in mopping up activities and patrolling. The capture of
the famous beer and munitions city marked the deepest point of American
penetration into Czechoslovakia.
Assignments in the ETO
29 January 1945: Fifteenth Army, 12th Army Group. // 17 April 1945: Third Army, 12th
Army Group. // 6 May 1945: V Corps.
Shoulder patch: Same as the 1st Armored, but with the number "16" in the
upper portion of the triangle.
Publication: Pictorial Review; by unit members; Albert Love
Enterprises, Atlanta, Ga.; 1944.
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