The following text is taken from the U.S. War Department Technical
Manual TM-E 30-451: Handbook on German Military Forces published in
March 1945. Figures and illustrations are not reproduced, see
As with all wartime intelligence information, data may be incomplete or inaccurate. No
attempt has been made to update or correct the text. Any views or opinions expressed
in the original manual do not necessarily represent those of the website.