[Webmaster Note: The following division information is reproduced
from the public domain publication, The Army Almanac: A Book of
Facts Concerning the Army of the United States, U.S. Government Printing Office,
1950. Portions of the information may be out of date. Only minor formatting changes and
typographical corrections have been made.]
World War II
Activated: 15 September 1942.
Overseas: 6 August 1944.
Campaigns: Northern France, Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace, Central Europe.
Days of combat: 209.
Distinguished Unit Citations: 1.
Awards: MH-1; DSC-54; DSM-2; SS-510; LM-10; SM-12; BSM-2,792; AM-66.
Commanders: Maj. Gen. Harry J. Malony (September 1942-May 1945),
Brig. Gen. Louis J. Fortier (June-July 1945),
Maj. Gen. Allison J. Barnett (1 August 1945 to inactivation).
Returned to U.S.: 6 February 1946.
Inactivated: 9 February 1946.
Following a brief stay in England, the 94th landed on Utah Beach on D plus 94,
8 September 1944, and moved into Brittany to assume responsibility for containing
some 60,000 German troops besieged in the Channel ports of Lorient and St. Nazaire. The
94th inflicted over 2,700 casualties on the enemy and took 566 prisoners before being
relieved on New Year's Day 1945. Moving west, the Division took positions in the
Saar-Moselle Triangle, facing the Siegfried Switch Line, 7 January 1945, and shifted
to the offensive, 14 January, seizing Tettingen and Butzdorf that day. The following
day, the Nennig-Berg-Wies area was wrested from the enemy, but severe counterattacks
followed, and Butzdorf, Berg, and most of Nennig changed hands several times before
being finally secured. On the 20th, an unsuccessful battalion attack against Orscholz,
eastern terminus of the switch position, resulted in loss of most of two companies. In
early February the Division took Campholz woods and seized Sinz. On 19 February 1945,
the Division launched a full-scale attack, storming the heights of Munzigen Ridge,
backbone of the Saar-Moselle Triangle, and took all objectives. Moving forward, the
and 94th secured the area from Orscholz to the confluence of the Saar and Moselle Rivers
by 21 February 1945. Then, launching an attack across the Saar, it established and
expanded a bridgehead. By 2 March 1945, the Division stretched over a 10-mile front,
from Hocker Hill on the Saar through Zerf, and Lampaden to Ollmuth. A heavy German
attack near Lampaden achieved penetrations, but the line was shortly restored, and
on 13 March, spearheading the XX Corps, the 94th broke out of the bridgehead and
drove to the Rhine, reaching that river, 21 March. Ludwigshafen was taken, 24 March,
in conjunction with CCA of the
12th Armored Division. The
Division then moved by rail and motor to the vicinity of Krefeld, Germany, assuming
responsibility, 3 April, for containing the west side of the Ruhr pocket from
positions along the Rhine. With the reduction of the pocket in mid-April, the
Division was assigned military government duties, first in the Krefeld and
later in the Dusseldorf areas.
Assignments in the ETO
27 July 1944: XIII Corps, Ninth Army. // 28 August 1944: XIII Corps, Ninth
Army, 12th Army Group. // 23 September 1944: Ninth Army, 12th
Army Group. // 9 October 1944: 12th Army Group. // 5 January 1945: 12th
Army Group, but attached to Oise Section, Communication Zone, for
supply. // 6 January 1945: XX Corps, Third Army, 12th Army Group. //
29 March 1945: XXII Corps, Fifteenth Army, 12th Army Group.
Shoulder patch: A circle divided diagonally into fields of gray and black; the
Arabic number 9 in black superimposed in the field of gray and the
Arabic number 4 in gray is on the field of black.
Publication: History of the 94th Infantry Division; by unit
members; The Infantry Journal, Washington, D.C.; 1948.
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