Tag Archive for 'softskin'

l. Zgkw. 1t (Sd. Kfz. 10): Light Semitrack Prime Mover

l. Zgkw. 1t (Sd. Kfz. 10): Light Semitrack Prime Mover

This vehicle is used as a troop carrier and for towing light artillery and supply trailers. Accommodation for a crew of seven, including driver, is provided in the well of the body, the sides of which are sufficiently deep to obscure personnel to shoulder height when seated. With all inspection hatches of the hull closed the main body of the vehicle is practically watertight in traversing deep water.

The chassis of this vehicle is used for several specialized mountings: (1) for the 2 cm Flak 30 gun; (2) for gas-detector truck (Sd. Kfz. 10/1); (3) for light decontamination vehicle (Sd. Kfz. 10/2) carrying a hopper for spreading bleaching powder; (4) for light bulk contamination vehicle (Sd. Kfz. 10/3) fitted with a tank for blister gas and spraying device.

The power plant of the later models consists of a Maybach H.L. 42 T.R.K.M. straight-six, water-cooled engine rated at 100 horsepower. The Maybach N.L. 38 T.R.K.M. rated at 95 horsepower was formerly used. The power train is comprised of the twin-plate clutch, the preselective type transmission with four forward and one reverse speeds with high and low range, and the differential unit of spur-gear and pinion type. Steering is effected by normal steering wheel for turns under 15°; turns over 15° are negotiated by the combined action of turning the front wheels and braking the appropriate epicyclic-drive sprocket by means of the steering brakes mounted on the driving shaft.

The pneumatic-tired front wheels are of the disk type and are fitted on a normal type axle suspended by a single transverse semi-elliptic spring. Two hydraulic shock absorbers are fitted. Each of the flexible rear tracks is borne by a driving sprocket at the front end and an idler wheel at the rear, while between these are five pairs of pressed-steel, rubber-tired bogie wheels.

SPECIFICATIONS

Weight         3.7 tons
Length 15 ft., 7 ins.
Width 6 ft.
Height 5 ft., 3 ins.
Ground clearance 13 ins.
Tread centers 5 ft., 2 ins.
Ground contact 4 ft., 6 ins.
Width of track 9.4 ins.
Track links 41
Pitch of track 6.25 ins.
Fording depth 27 ins.
Theoretical radius of action
     Roads 176 miles
     Cross-country 93 miles
Speed
     Roads 40 m.p.h.
     Cross-country 25 m.p.h.
Trailer load 1.1 ton
Engine Maybach HL 42 TRKM—100 hp.
Transmission 4 forward speeds, 1 reverse, high and low range
Steering Over 15° epicyclic
Crew 7

German: p. 51

Motor-Karrete (Austro-Daimler) ADMK: Wheeled/Tracked Reconnaissance Vehicle

Motor-Karrete (Austro-Daimler) ADMK: Wheeled/Tracked Reconnaissance Vehicle

The German wheeled/tracked reconnaissance vehicle is particularly effective in steep and hilly terrain, and in swamps and marshy lowlands where high traction and light weight are desirable. The personnel-carrying capacity is six, and it is capable of towing a trailer load of 2,640 pounds. The Motor-Karrete is capable of operating as a wheeled vehicle and will turn on a radius of 27 feet. It can also operate as a half track vehicle with a turning radius of 8 feet, 2 inches. As a full track vehicle its turning radius is 6 feet, 8 inches.

The three adaptations are accomplished by raising or lowering the front wheels which appear to be mounted on a bell-crank, torsion-type front axle, while the rear wheels (when dismounted from the rear suspension) are mounted on a false axle supported above the rear of the vehicle. The dry-pin steel track is guided from the outside center over a single-tooth front sprocket and a single-flange rear idler. Four small bogie wheels articulate in pairs on a common structure attached to the rear axle. The suspension includes semi-elliptic spring over the rear axle, while rotation of the vehicle is stabilized by a quarter elliptic spring from the front sprocket axle.

The 20 hp. engine is mounted in the rear. The fuel tank capacity is 10 gallons and fuel consumption on highways is 14 m.p.g.—on average terrain 6.8 m.p.g.

The net weight of the vehicle is 3,806 pounds; combat weight, 5,060 pounds. The weight distribution is: front axle 990 pounds; rear axle 4,070 pounds.

SPECIFICATIONS

Weight        3,806 lb.
Length 12 ft.
Width 5 ft.
Height 4 ft., 9 ins.
Ground clearance Unknown
Tread centers (wheel, 50 ins.), (track, 34 ins.)
Ground contact 53 ins.
Width of track 7.5 ins. (wheel, 5.5 ins.)
Track links 70
Pitch of track
Fording depth 20 ins.
Theoretical radius of action
     Roads 124 miles
     Cross-country 68 miles
Speed
     Roads
     Cross-country
Armor
     Front plate
     Sides
Armament
Ammunition (rds.)
Engine 20 hp.
Transmission
Steering
Crew 6

German: p. 49

s. Zgkw. 18t (Sd. Kfz. 9): Heavy Semitrack Prime Mover

s. Zgkw. 18t - Sd.Kfz. 9: Heavy Semitrack Prime Mover

This 18-ton vehicle is the heaviest of the German semitrack prime movers. It is often used by the Germans in the evacuation of their damaged tanks. It has a net weight of 16.8 tons and a combat weight of 19.8 tons. Its personnel capacity is 8, including driver and helper, and it can tow a trailer load of 20 tons. The maximum highway range of action is 160 miles on a fuel tank capacity of 72 gallons. Its weight distribution is as follows: front wheels, 5,289 pounds; track, 34,320 pounds.

The front suspension is comprised of a tubular floating axle mounting two pneumatic-tired, heavy duty wheels with transverse leaf springing. The track suspension is the standard semitrack system consisting of straddle-mounted rubber-tired bogie wheels sprung on torsion bars housed in cross tubes; front sprocket, rear idler, and needle-bearing track.

The power plant is the V-12 cylinder, Maybach gasoline engine rated at 230 horsepower. The transmission provides four speeds forward and one reverse with high and low range. Steering is effected by normal steering wheel and an epicyclic-controlled differential drive for the track with a brake linkage connected to the front-wheel steering system.

In addition to the electric starter, this vehicle is also equipped with a Bosch airplane-type inertia starter located on the right side of the engine.

A power winch is located at the rear, with facilities for passing the cable beneath the vehicle and out the front end. The winch-driving mechanism and the drum are located near the center of the chassis. The drum is horizontal and is driven by a propeller shaft from the rear of the transmission. The hub of the winch-driving mechanism is fitted with a slide gear which enables the operator to engage and disengage the winch from the rear of the vehicle. The winch-lifting capacity is 7.7 tons.

SPECIFICATIONS

Weight         16.8 tons
Length 27 ft.
Width 8 ft., 6 ins.
Height 9 ft., 1 in.
Ground clearance 21 ins.
Tread centers (wheels, 82 ins.; track, 78 ins.)
Ground contact 9 ft., 4 ins.
Width of track 17.3 ins.
Track links 47
Pitch of track
Fording depth 30 ins.
Theoretical radius of action
     Roads 161 miles
     Cross-country 62 miles
Speed
     Roads
     Cross-country
Armor
     Front plate
     Sides
Armament
Ammunition
Engine Maybach HL 98 TUK, 230 hp.
Transmission 4 speeds forward, 1 reverse, high and low range
Steering Normal and epicyclic-controlled differential
Crew 8

German: p. 56

s. Krad: Heavy Motorcycle with Sidecar

WW2 Motorcycle - s. Krad, Heavy Motorcycle with Sidecar

The motorcycle, due primarily to its economy of operation, has received extensive development in Germany. The following manufacturing types are known to exist: Ardie, B.M.W., D.K.W., Horex, U.S.U., Phänomen, Puch, Standard, Tornax, Triumph, Victoria, Zundapp, and C.S. (Czech). The vehicle described herein is the B.M.W. Its outstanding operational features are: (1) a shaft final drive instead of a chain drive; (2) sidecar wheel-drive arrangement; (3) high and low range transmission, and (4) hydraulic brakes. Its average road speed is 55 m.p.h.; maximum speed, 75 m.p.h.

The frame and fork are made of pressed steel. The wheels are spoked and have dismountable axles in front and rear. The front, rear, sidecar, and spare wheels are all interchangeable.

The vehicle is powered by a 2-cylinder, air-cooled engine rated 25.4 horsepower at 3900 r.p.m. It weighs 192 pounds, has a bore of 3.07 inches, and a displacement of 45.5 cubic inches. The ignition system is the Noris type ZG 2A with automatic spark control. Full-pressure lubrication is provided. The capacity of the gasoline tank is 6 1/3 gallons.

The power train includes the single dry disk clutch, the synchromesh transmission of four speeds forward and one reverse with high and low range, and the final shaft drive with bevel gear reduction of 5.69. In order to make the cycle and sidecar combination more capable of cross-country operation, the sidecar also drives. As the drive comes back from the transmission, it enters the rear gear case by means of a shaft mounted parallel to the direction of motion. The rear wheel of the cycle is driven by means of a ring and pinion gear. However, the wheel is not on the same center as the ring gear, a pair of spur gears being mounted between the ring and the wheel to afford a further gear reduction. This gives the wheel an offset of about 4 inches to the rear of the ring gear. From the right of the ring gear the drive passes through a differential to the sidecar wheel.

The rear and sidecar wheels have hydraulic brakes; the front wheel mechanical brakes.

SPECIFICATIONS

Weight         900 lb. (with sidecar)
Maximum load 1,000 lb.
Length 8 ft., 4 ins.
Width 5 ft., 10 ins. (with sidecar)
Height 3 ft., 4 1/4 ins.
Ground clearance 6 ins.
Suspension 3 spoked, interchangeable, pneumatic-tired wheels
Wheel base 4 ft., 9 ins.
Size tires 4.50 x 16
Fording depth 13 ins.
Theoretical radius of action
     Roads 190 miles
     Cross-country 100 miles
Speed
     Roads 55 m.p.h. (average)
     Cross-country 20 m.p.h. (average)
Engine Bayrische Motorenwerke, 2-cyl., 25.4 hp.
Transmission Synchromesh—4 forward speeds, 1 reverse, with high and low range
Crew 2

German: p. 58

l. gl. Lkw. off. (o) — Pi. Kw. III: Light Cross-Country Truck (Open)

l. gl. Lkw. off. (o) — Pi. Kw. III: Light Cross-Country Truck (Open)German nomenclature: leichter ge­län­de­gängiger Last­kraft­wagen, offen (o).
     Pionier­kraft­wagen III (leichter ge­län­de­gängiger Lkw. (o)).

English designation: Light cross-country truck, open.
     Engineers’ truck III (light cross-coun­try truck), (standard com­mer­cial chassis).

SPECIFICATIONS

Net weight       3,300 kg       7,275 lb.
Pay load1,500 kg3,307 lb.
Gross weight 4,800 kg 10,582 lb.
Weight: Front axle 1,100 kg 2,425 lb.
Weight: Rear axle 1,850 kg 4,078 lb.
Length (overall) 6,000 mm 19 ft., 8 ins.
Width (overall) 2,100 mm 6 ft., 11 ins.
Height (overall) 2,400 mm 7 ft., 10 ins.
Ground clearance 200 mm 7 7/8 ins.
Tread centers 1,600 mm 5 ft., 3 ins.
1,800 mm 5 ft., 11 ins.
Wheelbase 3,000/950 mm 118/37 ins.
Wheel width 170 mm 6 3/4 ins.
Angle of approach 60°
Angle of departure 40°
Seating capacity 12
Fording depth 600 mm 23 5/8 ins.
Climbing ability 20°
Overturn gradient (lengthwise) 50°
Overturn gradient (crosswise) 30°
Turning radius 19.5 meters 63 ft., 11 3/4 ins.
Trailer load 1,800 kg 3,968 lb.
Engine horsepower 65 c-v 64.1 hp
Piston displacement 3,500 cu cm 204 cu. ins.
Fuel tank capacity 110 liters 29 gal.
Highway fuel consumption 6.7 m.p.g.
Average terrain fuel consumption 4.7 m.p.g.

German: p. 74.25

l. Lkw. mit geschl. Aufbau (o): Light Truck

l. Lkw. mit geschl. Aufbau (o): Light TruckGerman nomenclature: leichter Last­kraft­wagen mit geschlossenem Auf­bau (o).

English designation: Light truck with locked super­structure (standard com­mer­cial chassis).

SPECIFICATIONS
Net weight        2,500 kg        5,512 lb.
Pay load 2,000 kg 4,409 lb.
Gross weight 4,500 kg 9,921 lb.
Weight: Front axle 1,500 kg 3,307 lb.
Weight: Rear axle 3,000 kg 6,614 lb.
Length (overall) 6,000 mm 19 ft., 8 ins.
Width (overall) 2,200 mm 7 ft., 3 ins.
Height (overall) 2,600 mm 8 ft., 6 ins.
Ground clearance 200 mm 7 7/8 ins.
Tread centers 1,600 mm 5 ft., 3 ins.
1,800 mm 5 ft., 11 ins.
Wheelbase 3,600 mm 142 ins.
Wheel width 170 mm 6 3/4 ins.
Angle of approach 60°
Angle of departure 40°
Seating capacity 19
Fording depth 500 mm 19 7/8 ins.
Climbing ability 15°
Overturn gradient (lengthwise) 50°
Overturn gradient (crosswise) 30°
Turning radius
Trailer load 1,000 kg 2,205 lb.
Engine horsepower 65 c-v 64.1 hp
Piston displacement 3,500 cu cm 210 cu. ins.
Fuel tank capacity 120 liters 31.7 gal.
Highway fuel consumption 5.9 m.p.g.
Average terrain fuel consumption7.8 m.p.g.

German: p. 74.25

l. Flkw. (Kfz. 81): Antiaircraft Unit Light Car

l. Flkw. (Kfz. 81): Antiaircraft Unit Light CarGerman nomenclature: leichter Flak­kraft­wagen (Kfz. 81) mit Ein­heits­fahr­gestell II für schwerer Pkw.

English designation: Anti­air­craft unit light car with stan­dard chassis II for heavy ar­mored car.

SPECIFICATIONS

Net weight        3,150 kg        6,945 lb.
Pay load 1,250 kg 2,755 lb.
Gross weight 4,400 kg 9,700 lb.
Weight: Front axle 2,100 kg 4,630 lb.
Weight: Rear axle 2,300 kg 5,071 lb.
Length (overall) 4,850 mm 15 ft., 11 ins.
Width (overall) 2,000 mm 6 ft., 7 ins.
Height (overall) 2,040 mm 6 ft., 8 ins.
Ground clearance 230 mm 9 ins.
Tread centers 1,640 mm 5 ft., 4 ins.
Wheelbase 3,000 mm 118 ins.
Wheel width 215 mm 8 1/2 ins.
Angle of approach 55°
Angle of departure 45°
Seating capacity 8
Fording depth 500 mm 19 7/8 ins.
Climbing ability 25°
Overturn gradient (lengthwise) 45°
Overturn gradient (crosswise) 30°
Turning radius 13.5 meters 44 ft., 3 ins.
Trailer load 1,000 kg 2,205 lb.
Engine horsepower 90 c-v 88.8 hp
Piston displacement 4,000 cu cm 240 cu. ins.
Fuel tank capacity 120 liters 31.7 gal.
Highway fuel consumption 6.7 m.p.g.
Average terrain fuel consumption 5.2 m.p.g.

German: p. 74.24

Mannsch. Kw. (Kfz. 70): Personnel Carrier

Mannsch. Kw. (Kfz. 70): Personnel CarrierGerman nomenclature: Mann­schafts­kraft­wagen (Kfz. 70) mit Fahr­gestell des leichter gelände­gängiger Last­kraft­wagen (o).

English designation: Personnel carrier with special chassis for light cross-country truck (standard com­mercial vehicle).

SPECIFICATIONS
Net weight       2,600 kg       5,732 lb.
Pay load1,150 kg2,535 lb.
Gross weight 3,750 kg 8,267 lb.
Weight: Front axle 1,070 kg 2,358 lb.
Weight: Rear axle 2,790 kg 6,150 lb.
Length (overall) 4,950 mm 16 ft., 3 ins.
Width (overall) 1,950 mm 6 ft., 5 ins.
Height (overall) 2,300 mm 7 ft., 6 ins.
Ground clearance 220 mm 8 5/8 ins.
Tread centers 1,580 mm 5 ft., 2 ins.
  1,565 mm 5 ft., 1 in.
  1,565 mm 5 ft., 1 in.
Wheelbase 2,445/900 mm 96-35 in.
Wheel width 190 mm 7 1/2 ins.
Angle of approach 50°
Angle of departure 40°
Seating capacity
Fording depth 600 mm 23 5/8 ins.
Climbing ability 20°
Overturn gradient (lengthwise) 50°
Overturn gradient (crosswise) 30°
Turning radius 16 meters 52 ft., 6 ins.
Trailer load 1,000 kg 2,205 lb.
Engine horsepower 65 c-v 64.1 hp
Piston displacement 3,500 cu cm 210 cu. ins.
Fuel tank capacity 110 liters 29 gal.
Highway fuel consumption7.8 m.p.g.
Average terrain fuel consumption4.7 m.p.g.

German: p. 74.22

Protzkw. (Kfz. 69): Limber Truck

Protzkw. (Kfz. 69): Limber TruckGerman nomenclautre: Protzkraftwagen (Kfz. 69) mit Einheitsfahrgestell II für schwerer Pkw.

English designation: Limber truck with standard chassis II for heavy armored car.

SPECIFICATIONS
Net weight       3,150 kg       6,944 lb.
Pay load1,050 kg2,314 lb.
Gross weight 4,200 kg 9,258 lb.
Weight: Front axle 2,000 kg 4,409 lb.
Weight: Rear axle 2,200 kg 4,850 lb.
Length (overall) 4,850 mm 15 ft., 11 ins.
Width (overall) 2,000 mm 6 ft., 7 ins.
Height (overall) 2,040 mm 6 ft., 8 ins.
Ground clearance 230 mm 9 ins.
Tread centers 1,640 mm 5 ft., 4 ins.
Wheelbase 3,000 mm 118 ins.
Wheel width 215 mm 8 1/2 ins.
Angle of approach 55°
Angle of departure 45°
Seating capacity 5
Fording depth 500 mm 19 7/8 ins.
Climbing ability 25°
Overturn gradient (lengthwise) 45°
Overturn gradient (crosswise) 45°
Turning radius 16.5 meters 54 ft., 1/8 in.
Trailer load 1,000 kg 2,205 lb.
Engine horsepower 90 c-v 88.8 hp
Piston displacement4,000 cu cm 240 cu. ins.
Fuel tank capacity 120 liters 31.7 gal.
Highway fuel consumption6.7 m.p.g.
Average terrain fuel consumption5.2 m.p.g.

German: p. 74.22

Protzkw. (Kfz. 69): Maintenance Truck

Protzkw. (Kfz. 69): Maintenance TruckGerman nomenclature: Protz­kraft­wagen (Kfz. 69) mit Fahr­gestell des leichter gelände­gängiger Last­kraft­wagen (o).

English designation: Maintenance truck with special chassis for light cross-country truck (standard commercial ve­hicle).

SPECIFICATIONS

Net weight       2,700 kg       5,952 lb.
Pay load1,000 kg2,204 lb.
Gross weight 3,700 kg 8,157 lb.
Weight Front axle 1,070 kg 2,358 lb.
Weight: Rear axle 1,315 kg 2,899 lb.
Length (overall) 5,000 mm 16 ft., 5 ins.
Width (overall) 1,900 mm 6 ft., 3 ins.
Height (overall) 1,800 mm 5 ft., 11 ins.
Ground clearance 220 mm 8 5/8 ins.
Tread centers 1,580 mm 5 ft., 2 ins.
  1,565 mm 5 ft., 1 in.
  1,565 mm 5 ft., 1 in.
Wheelbase 2,445/900 mm 96/35 ins.
Wheel width 190 mm 7 1/2 ins.
Angle of approach 50°
Angle of departure 40°
Seating capacity
Fording depth 600 mm 23 5/8 ins.
Climbing ability 20°
Overturn gradient (lengthwise) 50°
Overturn gradient (crosswise) 30°
Turning radius 16 meters 52 ft., 6 ins.
Trailer load 1,000 kg 2,205 lb.
Engine horsepower 65 c-v 64.1 hp
Piston displacement 3,500 cu cm 210 cu. ins.
Fuel tank capacity 1.10 liters 29 gal.
Highway fuel consumption 7.8 m.p.g.
Average terrain fuel consumption 4.7 m.p.g.

German: p. 74.21