Tag Archive for 'personnel carrier'

m. gp. Mannsch. Kw. (Sd. Kfz. 251): Medium Armored Personnel Carrier

m. gp. Mannsch. Kw. (Sd. Kfz. 251): Medium Armored Personnel Carrier

This vehicle is a medium armored personnel carrier with the chassis of the Sd. Kfz. 11 (light semitracked prime mover). The Sd. Kfz. 11 has been modified by placing armor on the chassis, altering the cooling arrangement, and mounting the steering wheel in an inverted position. The armor plate thickness measures 7.5 mm on the radiator cover, 8.5 mm on the sides, and 15 mm on the lower front plate, set at angles to the horizontal of 81°, 55-60°, and 55° respectively. It has been reported that these vehicles were used by the motorized infantry of armored divisions. Eight variations are known to exist with designations 251/1 through 251/8. The vehicles are used for infantry, ammunition and as command vehicles with built-in wireless, or ambulances.

The suspension is the same as that utilized for the Sd. Kfz. 11, as is also the power plant and the power train.

The armament normally consists of two 7.92 mm M.G. 34’s, one on a mount welded to the front of the chassis and one on an antiaircraft pedestal mount in the rear of the vehicle. Reports have been received that the 2 cm Kw.K. 30 is also mounted. The vehicle has a seating capacity for eleven men, including the driver.

SPECIFICATIONS

Weight         7.7 tons
Length 19 ft.
Width 7 ft.
Height 7 ft.
Ground clearance 12 ins.
Tread centers 5 ft., 3 ins.
Ground contact 5 ft., 11 ins.
Width of track 11 ins.
Track links 55
Pitch of track 5.5 ins.
Fording depth 20 ins.
Theoretical radius of action
     Roads 185 miles
     Cross-country 80 miles
Speed
     Roads
     Cross-country
Armor
     Front plate 15 mm
     Sides 8.5 mm
Armament 2 7.92 M.G. 34’s
Ammunition (rds.)
Trailer load 3.3 tons
Engine Maybach, NL 42 TUKRR, 100 hp.
Transmission 4 speeds forward, 1 reverse, high and low range
Steering Front wheel and track epicyclic
Crew 11

German: p. 45

l. gp. Mannsch. Kw. (Sd. Kfz. 250): Light Armored Personnel Carrier

l. gp. Mannsch. Kw. (Sd. Kfz. 250): Light Armored Personnel Carrier

This is a light armored personnel carrier with the chassis of a 1-ton light semitrack. It is often used by antitank units and, towing a small trailer, by infantry units in motorized formations. The front of the chassis, with its pneumatic tires mounted on disk-type wheels, and the forward superstructure are similar to that of the ordinary motor car. The riding compartment at the rear is built low and has a seating capacity for six men including the driver. Four vision ports are provided, two in the front plate of the driving compartment and one at each side thereof. The thickness of the superstructure plate averages from 10 to 15 mm.

The vehicle is powered by a Maybach, 6-cylinder, water-cooled engine rated 100 horsepower. The transmission, of the semiautomatic preselective type, provides seven forward speeds and three reverse. The drive is taken to the final drive sprockets from the spiral beveled gear on the forward end of the lower gearbox shaft, through a gear train and a differential unit of the spur gear and pinion type. The steering brakes, utilized for turns over 15° are built into the gear train and act on the epicyclic reduction units.

The flexible track suspension consists of front sprocket and rear idler and four pairs of rubber-tired bogie wheels on each side. The front of the vehicle is mounted on two single pneumatic-tired wheels, fitted on an axle suspended by a single transverse semi-elliptic spring.

Armament for this vehicle is a machine gun mounted within a shield at the forward end of the riding compartment.

SPECIFICATIONS

Weight         5 tons
Length 15 ft.
Width 6 ft., 5 ins.
Height 6 ft., 6 ins.
Ground clearance 11 ins.
Tread centers 5 ft., 5 ins.
Ground contact 3 ft., 11 ins.
Width of track 9 1/2 ins.
Pitch of track 6 5/16 ins.
Track links 38
Fording depth 27 ins.
Theoretical radius of action
    Roads 190 miles
    Cross-country 130 miles
Speed
    Roads
    Cross-country
Armor
    Front plate 15 mm (approx.)
    Sides 10 mm (approx.)
Armament M.G. 34
Ammunition
Engine Maybach, 6-cyl., 100 hp. HL 42 TRKM
Transmission Preselective—7 forward speeds, 3 reverse
Steering 15° and over, epicyclic controlled differential
Crew 6

German: p. 44

s. Zgkw. 12 t (Sd. Kfz. 8): Heavy Semitrack Prime Mover

s. Zgkw. 12 t (Sd. Kfz. 8): Heavy Semitrack Prime Mover

The 12-ton heavy prime mover is highly mobile despite its bulky appearance. It can handle a trailer load of 13 tons and carry a crew of 11, including the driver. It has a weight distribution as follows: front wheels, 5,200 pounds; track, 21,300 pounds. Its combat weight is 16 tons.

The front suspension consists of a tubular axle of the oscillating, floating type carried by two pressed steel wheels, size 11.25 x 20, mounting extra heavy-duty tires. A traverse leaf spring is on a pivot in the center of the frame. One end of the spring is mounted to the axle through a shackle while the other end is free to slide. The rear, or track suspension, is made up of six twin rubber-tired bogie wheels mounted on torsion arms, attached to torsion bars and housed in cross tubes. The front drive sprocket and rear idler complete the assembly. The track is of the needle-bearing type with removable rubber pads.

Steering is by conventional steering wheel and through epicyclic-controlled differential to the track sprockets, being actuated by hydraulic brake bands.

Power is furnished by a Maybach V-12 over-head valve, liquid-cooled, HL 85 TUKRM gasoline engine, rated at 185 horsepower. Ignition is the conventional 12-volt Bosch magneto located behind the carburetors. All ignition wires are carried in a flexible aluminum conduit to the side of the engine.

The transmission provides four speeds forward, one reverse, with high and low range.

This vehicle is equipped with an inertia starter and a cable winch with a lifting power of 5.5 tons.

SPECIFICATIONS

Weight       13 tons
Length24 ft.
Width8 ft., 2 1/2 ins.
Height9 ft., 2 ins.
Ground clearance16 ins.
Tread centers6 ft., 3 ins. (wheels, 6 ft., 9 ins.)
Ground contact8 ft., 3 ins.
Width of track15.7 ins.
Track links55
Pitch of track8 ins.
Fording depth25 ins.
Theoretical radius of action
   Roads155 miles
   Cross-country62 miles
Speed
   Roads30 m.p.h. (est.)
   Cross-country18 m.p.h. (est.)
Armor
   Front plateNone
   SidesNone
Armament
Ammunition (rds.)
EngineMaybach HL 85 TURRM, 185 hp.
Transmission4 speeds forward, 1 reverse, high and low range
Steering15° and over—Epicyclic controlled differential
Crew11

German: p. 55

Mannsch. Kw. (Kfz. 70): Personnel Carrier

Mannsch. Kw. (Kfz. 70): Personnel CarrierGerman nomenclature: Mann­schafts­kraft­wagen (Kfz. 70) mit Fahr­gestell des leichter gelände­gängiger Last­kraft­wagen (o).

English designation: Personnel carrier with special chassis for light cross-country truck (standard com­mercial vehicle).

SPECIFICATIONS
Net weight       2,600 kg       5,732 lb.
Pay load1,150 kg2,535 lb.
Gross weight 3,750 kg 8,267 lb.
Weight: Front axle 1,070 kg 2,358 lb.
Weight: Rear axle 2,790 kg 6,150 lb.
Length (overall) 4,950 mm 16 ft., 3 ins.
Width (overall) 1,950 mm 6 ft., 5 ins.
Height (overall) 2,300 mm 7 ft., 6 ins.
Ground clearance 220 mm 8 5/8 ins.
Tread centers 1,580 mm 5 ft., 2 ins.
  1,565 mm 5 ft., 1 in.
  1,565 mm 5 ft., 1 in.
Wheelbase 2,445/900 mm 96-35 in.
Wheel width 190 mm 7 1/2 ins.
Angle of approach 50°
Angle of departure 40°
Seating capacity
Fording depth 600 mm 23 5/8 ins.
Climbing ability 20°
Overturn gradient (lengthwise) 50°
Overturn gradient (crosswise) 30°
Turning radius 16 meters 52 ft., 6 ins.
Trailer load 1,000 kg 2,205 lb.
Engine horsepower 65 c-v 64.1 hp
Piston displacement 3,500 cu cm 210 cu. ins.
Fuel tank capacity 110 liters 29 gal.
Highway fuel consumption7.8 m.p.g.
Average terrain fuel consumption4.7 m.p.g.

German: p. 74.22

l. gl. Pkw. (Kfz. 1): Light Cross-Country Personnel Carrier

l. gl. Pkw. (Kfz. 1): Light Cross-Country Personnel CarrierGerman nomenclature: leichter gelände­gängiger Personenkraftwagen (Kfz. 1) mit Einheitsfahrgestell I für leichter Pkw.

English designation: Light cross-country personnel carrier with standard chassis I for light armored car.

SPECIFICATIONS


Net weight         1,700 kg         3,748 lb.
Pay load 500 kg 1,102 lb.
Gross weight 2,200 kg 4,850 lb.
Weight: Front axle 1,050 kg 2,315 lb.
Weight: Rear axle 1,150 kg 2,525 lb.
Length (overall) 3,850 mm 12 ft., 7 ins.
Width (overall) 1,690 mm 5 ft., 6 ins.
Height (overall) 1,900 mm 6 ft., 3 ins.
Ground clearance 235 mm 9 1/4 ins.
Tread centers 1,400 mm 4 ft., 7 ins.
Wheelbase 2,400 mm 94 ins.
Wheel width 158 mm 6 1/4 ins.
Angle of approach 60°
Angle of departure 45°
Seating capacity 3
Fording depth 500 mm 19 3/4 ins.
Climbing ability 30°
Overturn gradient (lengthwise) 40°
Overturn gradient (crosswise) 30°
Turning radius 12/6.5 meters 39 ft., 4 ins./21 ft., 4 ins.
Trailer load
Engine horsepower 45 c-v 44.3 hp
Piston displacement 2,000 cu cm 120 cu. ins.
Fuel tank capacity 60 liters 15.9 gal.
Highway fuel consumption 13.6 m.p.g.
Average terrain fuel consumption 9.4 m.p.g.

German: p. 74.2

l. gl. Pkw. (Kfz. 1): Light Cross-Country Personnel Carrier

l. gl. Pkw. (Kfz. 1): Light Cross-Country Personnel CarrierGerman nomenclature: leichter geländegängiger Personenkraftwagen (Kfz. 1) mit Fahrgestell des leichter Pkw. (o).

English designation: Light cross-country personnel carrier with special chassis for light armored car (standard commercial vehicle).

SPECIFICATIONS

Net weight         1,000 kg         2,204 lb.
Pay load 300 kg 661 lb.
Gross weight 1,300 kg 2,865 lb.
Weight: Front axle 560 kg 1,234 lb.
Weight: Rear axle 740 kg 1,631 lb.
Length (overall) 4,100 mm 13 ft., 5 ins.
Width (overall) 1,500 mm 4 ft., 11 ins.
Height (overall) 1,600 mm 5 ft., 3 ins.
Ground clearance 180 mm 7 ins.
Tread centers 1,200 mm 47 ins.
Wheelbase 2,600 mm 102 ins.
Wheel width 125 mm 4 7/8 ins.
Angle of approach   60°
Angle of departure 30°
Seating capacity 3
Fording depth 500 mm 19 3/4 ins.
Climbing ability 14°-16°
Overturn gradient (lengthwise) 50°
Overturn gradient (crosswise) 40°
Turning radius 11 meters 36 ft., 1 in.
Trailer load
Engine horsepower 40 c-v 39.44 hp
Piston displacement 1,500 cu cm 90 cu. ins.
Fuel tank capacity 40 liters 10.6 gal.
Highway fuel consumption 23.5 m.p.g.
Average terrain fuel consumption 15.7 m.p.g.

German: p. 74.1

Armored Tracked Personnel Carrier

Armored-tracked Personnel Carrier: Type 1 Ho-Ki

This vehicle serves as an artillery prime mover and as a personnel carrier for 24 men. It appears to be of recent manufacture, and its first known appearance in combat was during the Leyte campaign in the Philippines.

It is a full-tracked vehicle armored with 1/4-inch plate throughout. The engine which is located at the right front of the body is a 6-cylinder, in-line, valve-in-head, air-cooled diesel of a type similar to those used in the Model 2595 light tank and the combination prime mover and wrecker. Two fuel tanks provide an estimated total capacity of 50 to 60 gallons.

The tracks and suspension are of the conventional Japanese design, using dual bogie wheels and a steel center guide track. The four bogie wheels, apparently identical with those on the Model 2595 light tank, are mounted on bell cranks and are sprung by horizontal coil springs which are inclosed within the body armor with only the bogie arms exposed. There are two return rollers. The track is driven from the rear. A clutch and brake steering system is used. The transmission provides four speeds forward and one reverse. A high and low transfer case is also provided.

A mount for a 7.7 mm machine gun is located on the left front of the driver’s compartment. The vehicle does not mount a winch, but is provided with a spring mounted towing pintle for use as a prime mover. It has a capacity of from 2 to 3 tons if used as a cargo carrier. Maximum speed is reported as approximately 35 miles per hour, with exceptionally good cross-country performance due to the amount of track area in contact with the ground in relation to the weight of the vehicle.

SPECIFICATIONS

Weight
Length (overall)       15 ft., 9 ins.
Width (overall) 6 ft., 8 ins.
Height
Ground clearance
Tread centers
Ground contact 9 ft., 10 ins.
Width of track 10 ins.
Pitch of track 3-13/16 ins.
Track links 125
Fording depth
Theoretical radius of action
     Roads
     Cross-country
Speed (maximum) 35 m.p.h.
Armor (reported) 1/4 in.
Armament 7.7 mm machine gun
Ammunition (Rds.)
Engine 6-cylinder, in-line, valve-in-head, diesel.
Transmission 4 speeds forward, 1 reverse; high and low range.
Steering Clutch and brake system
Seating capacity 24

Japanese: p. 18.3 (May 1, 1945)