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Enemy Air-Borne Forces, Military Intelligence Service, Special Series No. 7, December 2, 1942
[DISCLAIMER: The following text is taken from the wartime U.S. War Department publication. As with all wartime intelligence information, data may be incomplete or inaccurate. No attempt has been made to update or correct the text. Any views or opinions expressed do not necessarily represent those of the website.]


Transport planes are generally organized in a wing (Geschwader) of 4 groups (Gruppen), each group having 4 squadrons (Staffeln) of 12 planes each plus a headquarters squadron, as further explained below. With each Ju-52 carrying approximately 10 men fully equipped one of these wings will transport a parachute regiment with all its equipment.

It is reported that such Z.B.V. transport units (Zur Besonderen Verwendung, for special employment) were used on the Russian Front in 1942 for bringing up supplies of fuel and ammunition and, probably, delivering provisions to troops in forward areas and returning to their bases with wounded. The more active areas for air transport continue to be Northern France, Belgium, Holland, Northern Germany, and the Russian Front. There has been also, of course, trans-Mediterranean traffic to and from Libya.

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