Tests recently carried out with a number of captured Japanese type-91 hand
grenades show that these weapons, so much in favor with the Japanese, might well
cause more harm to the thrower, unless properly handled, than to the intended victims.
Although the delay fuze of the grenade is supposed to be 4 to 5 seconds (and is so
marked), the delay train has been known to burn in much less time. All our troops,
therefore, who capture these grenades and use them, should be informed
that they must be thrown immediately after the head of the grenade has
been struck. (This grenade is armed by giving the head a sharp tap.)
While the delay train is burning, a considerable quantity of black smoke is
emitted from the escape hole at the base of the fuze tube. Care should be taken
to keep the hand clear of this hole. This smoke emission serves as a feature in
recognizing the grenade when in flight.